The Department of Ecosystem and Conservation Sciences at the University of Montana provides expertise in a diverse array of ecological and biophysical sciences. The research and creative scholarship by the faculty of this department includes studies into fire science, watershed hydrology, insects and diseases, soil science, plant physiology, and wildlife biology.

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Submissions from 2016

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European land CO2 sink influenced by NAO and East-Atlantic Pattern coupling, Ana Bastos, Ivan A. Janssens, Célia M. Gouveia, Ricardo M. Trigo, Philippe Ciais, Frédéric Chevallier, Josep Peñuelas, Christian Rodenbeck, Shilong Piao, Pierre Friedlingstein, and Steven W. Running

Submissions from 2015

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A Fatty Acid Based Bayesian Approach for Inferring Diet in Aquatic Consumers, Aaron W. E. Galloway, Michael T. Brett, Gordon W. Holtgrieve, Eric J. Ward, Ashley P. Ballantyne, Carolyn W. Burns, Martin J. Kainz, Doerthe C. Muller-Navarra, Jonas Persson, Joseph L. Ravet, Ursula Strandberg, Sami J. Taipale, and Gunnel Alhgren

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Suitable Days for Plant Growth Disappear under Projected Climate Change: Potential Human and Biotic Vulnerability, Camilo Mora, Iain R. Caldwell, Jamie M. Caldwell, Micah R. Fisher, Brandon M. Genco, and Steven W. Running

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Experimental evidence of bark beetle adaptation to a fungal symbiont, Bracewell R. Ryan and Diana Six

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Topographic controls on soil nitrogen availability in a lowland tropical forest, Samantha R. Weintraub, Philip G. Taylor, Stephen Porder, Cory C. Cleveland, Gregory P. Asner, and Alan R. Townsend

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Vegetation Greening and Climate Change Promote Multidecadal Rises of Global Land Evapotranspiration, Ke Zhang, John S. Kimball, Ramakrishna R. Nemani, Steven W. Running, Yang Hong, Jonathan J. Gourley, and Zhongbo Yu

Submissions from 2014

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Analysing the spatio-temporal impacts of the 2003 and 2010 extreme heatwaves on plant productivity in Europe, A. Bastos, C. M. Trigo, R. M. Trigo, and Steven W. Running

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Ecological processes dominate the 13C land disequilibrium in a Rocky Mountain subalpine forest, D. R. Bowling, Ashley P. Ballantyne, J. B. Miller, S. P. Burns, T. J. Conway, O. Menzer, B. B. Stephens, and B. H. Vaughn

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Exposure of U.S. National Parks to land use and climate change 1900-2100, Andrew J. Hansen, Cory Davis, Jessica Haas, David M. Theobald, John E. Gross, William B. Monahan, Tom Olliff, and Steven W. Running

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Nutrient Addition Dramatically Accelerates Microbial Community Succession, Joseph E. Knelman, Steven K. Schmidt, Ryan C. Lynch, John L. Darcy, Sarah C. Castle, Cory C. Cleveland, and Diana R. Nemergut

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Modeling and Monitoring Terrestrial Primary Production in a Changing Global Environment: Toward a Multiscale Synthesis of Observation and Simulation, Shufen Pan, Hanqin Tian, Shree R. S. Dangal, Zhiyun Ouyang, Bo Tao, Wei Ren, Chaoqun Lu, and Steven W. Running

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A regional look at HANPP: human consumption is increasing, NPP is not, Steven W. Running

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Management for Mountain Pine Beetle Outbreak Suppression: Does Relevant Science Support Current Policy?, Diana Six, Eric Biber, and Elisabeth Long

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Agricultural Conversion Without External Water and Nutrient Inputs Reduces Terrestrial Vegetation Productivity, William Kolby Smith, Cory C. Cleveland, Sasha C. Reed, and Steven W. Running

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Assessing Nutrient Limitation in Complex Forested Ecosystems : Alternatives to Large-Scale Fertilization Experiments, Benjamin W. Sullivan, Silvia Alvarez-Clare, Sarah C. Castle, Stephen Porder, Sasha C. Reed, Laura Schreeg, Cory C. Cleveland, and Alan R. Townsend

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Comparison of Gross Primary Productivity Derived from GIMMS NDVI3g, GIMMS, and MODIS in Southeast Asia, Junbang Wang, Jingwei Dong, Jiyuan Liu, Mei Huang, Guicai Li, Steven W. Running, William Kolby Smith, Warwick Harris, Nobuko Saigusa, Hiroaki Kondo, Yunfen Liu, Takashi Hirano, and Xiangming Xiao

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Snowshoe hares display limited phenotypic plasticity to mismatch in seasonal camouflage, Marketa Zimova, L. Scott Mills, Paul M. Lukacs, and Michael S. Mitchell

Submissions from 2013

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Nitrogen Cycling Responses to Mountain Pine Beetle Disturbance in a High Elevation Whitebark Pine Ecosystem, Megan P. Keville, Sasha C. Reed, and Cory C. Cleveland

Submissions from 2012

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New Species of Gondwanamyces From Dying Euphorbia Trees in South Africa, Johannes Alwyn van der Linde, Diana Six, Michael J. Wingfield, and Jolanda Roux

Submissions from 2011

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Regional Differences in South American Monsoon Precipitation Inferred from the Growth and Isotopic Composition of Tropical Trees, Ashley P. Ballantyne, P. A. Baker, J. Q. Chambers, R. Villalba, and J. Argollo

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Climate-Mediated Nitrogen and Carbon Dynamics in a Tropical Watershed, Ashley P. Ballantyne, P. A. Baker, S. C. Fritz, and B. Poulter

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Biogeochemical Response of Alpine Lakes to a Recent Increase in Dust Deposition in the Southwestern, US, Ashley P. Ballantyne, J. Brahney, D. Fernandez, C. L. Lawrence, J. Saros, and J. C. Neff

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Novel Applications of Carbon Isotopes in Atmospheric CO2: What Can Atmospheric Measurements Teach Us About Processes in the Biosphere?, Ashley P. Ballantyne, J. B. Miller, I. T. Baker, P. P. Tans, and J. W. C. White

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An Ecosystem-Scale Model for the Spread of a Host-Specific Forest Pathogen in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Jaclyn A. Hatala, Michael C. Dietze, Robert L. Crabtree, Katherine Kendall, Diana Six, and Paul R. Moorcroft

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Satellite Finds Highest Land Skin Temperatures on Earth, David J. Mildrexler, Maosheng Zhao, and Steven W. Running

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Multi-Element Regulation of the Tropical Forest Carbon Cycle, Alan R. Townsend, Cory C. Cleveland, Benjamin Z. Houlton, Caroline B. Alden, and James W. C. White

Submissions from 2010

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Apparent Seasonal Cycle in Isotopic Discrimination of Carbon in the Atmosphere and Biosphere Due to Vapor Pressure Deficit, Ashley P. Ballantyne, J. B. Miller, and P. P. Tans

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Experimental Drought in a Tropical Rain Forest Increases Soil Carbon Dioxide Losses to the Atmosphere, Cory C. Cleveland, William R. Wieder, Sasha C. Reed, and Alan R. Townsend

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Linking Environmental Nutrient Enrichment and Disease Emergence in Humans and Wildlife, Pieter T. J. Johnson, Alan R. Townsend, Cory C. Cleveland, Patricia M. Glibert, Robert W. Howarth, Valerie J. McKenzie, Eliska Rejmankova, and Mary H. Ward

Submissions from 2009

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Transport of Fungal Symbionts by Mountain Pine Beetles, K. P. Bleiker, S. E. Potter, C. R. Lauzon, and Diana Six

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Assemblage of Hymenoptera Arriving at Logs Colonized by Ips pini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and its Microbial Symbionts in Western Montana, Celia K. Boone, Diana Six, Steven J. Krauth, and Kenneth F. Raffa

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Controls Over Leaf Litter Decomposition in Wet Tropical Forests, William R. Wieder, Cory C. Cleveland, and Alan R. Townsend

Submissions from 2008

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Detection of Host Habitat by Parasitoids Using Cues Associated With Mycangial Fungi of the Mountain Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae, A. S, Adams and Diana Six

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Tree Species Control Rates of Free-Living Nitrogen Fixation in a Tropical Rain Forest, Sasha C. Reed, Cory C. Cleveland, and Alan R. Townsend

Submissions from 2007

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Recent Climate-Driven Increases in Vegetation Productivity for the Western Arctic: Evidence of an Acceleration of the Northern Terrestrial Carbon Cycle, J. S. Kimball, M. Zhao, A. D. McGuire, F. A. Heinsch, J. Clein, M. Calef, W. M. Jolly, S. Kang, S. E. Euskirchen, K. C. McDonald, and Steven W. Running

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A New Satellite-Based Methodology for Continental-Scale Disturbance Detection, David J. Mildrexler, Maosheng Zhao, Faith Ann Heinsch, and Steven W. Running

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Biogeochemical Consequences of Rapid Microbial Turnover and Seasonal Succession in Soil, S. K. Schmidt, E. K. Costello, D. R. Nemergut, Cory C. Cleveland, S. C. Reed, M. N. Weintraub, A. F. Meyer, and A. M. Martin

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Controls Over Foliar N:P Ratios in Tropical Rain Forests, Alan R. Townsend, Cory C. Cleveland, Gregory P. Asner, and Mercedes M. C. Bustamante

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Sensitivity of Pan-Arctic Terrestrial Net Primary Productivity Simulations to Daily Surface Meterology From NCEP-NCAR and ERA-40 Reanalyses, Ke Zhang, John S. Kimball, Maosheng Zhao, Walter C. Oechel, John Cassano, and Steven W. Running

Submissions from 2006

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Nutrient Regulation of Organic Matter Decomposition in a Tropical Rain Forest, Cory C. Cleveland, Sasha C. Reed, and Alan R. Townsend

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Estimation of Incident Photosynthetically Active Radiation From Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Data, Shunlin Liang, Tao Zheng, Ronggao Liu, Hongliang Fang, Si-Chee Tsay, and Steven W. Running

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3-PG Productivity Modeling of Regenerating Amazon Forests: Climate Sensitivity and Comparison with MODIS-Derived NPP, Joseph D. White, Neal A. Scott, Adam I. Hirsch, and Steven W. Running

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Sensitivity of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terrestrial Primary Production to the Accuracy of Meteorological Reanalyses, Maosheng Zhao, Steven W. Running, and Ramakrishna R. Nemani

Submissions from 2005

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Aggregate Measures of Ecosystem Services: Can We Take the Pulse of Nature?, Laura A. Meyerson, Jill Baron, Jerry M. Melillo, Robert J. Naiman, Robin I. O'Malley, Gordon Orians, Margaret A. Palmer, Alexander S. P. Pfaff, Steven W. Running, and Osvaldo E. Sala

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Exotic Invasive Elm Bark Beetle, Scolytus kirschii, Detected in South Africa, Diana Six, Z. W. de Beer, R. A. Beaver, L. Visser, and M. J. Wingfield

Submissions from 2004

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El Niño-Southern Oscillation-Induced Variability in Terrestrial Carbon Cycling, Hirofumi Hashimoto, Ramakrishna R. Nemani, Michael A. White, William M. Jolly, Steve C. Piper, Charles D. Keeling, Ranga B. Myneni, and Steven W. Running

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VEMAP Phase 2 Bioclimatic Database. I. Gridded Historical (20th century) Climate for Modeling Ecosystem Dynamics Across the Conterminous USA, T. G. F. Kittel, N. A. Rosenbloom, J. A. Royle, C. Daly, W. P. Gibson, H. H. Fisher, P. Thornton, D. N. Yates, C. Kaufman, R. McKeown, D. Bachelet, D. S. Schimel, Steven W. Running, and VEMAP2 Participants

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Discovery of the Centipede Scolopocryptops gracilis Wood in Montana (Scolopendromorpha: Scolopocryptopidae), Rowland M. Shelley and Diana Six

Submissions from 2003

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Soil Microbial Dynamics and Biogeochemistry in Tropical Forests and Pastures, Southwestern Costa Rica, Cory C. Cleveland, Alan R. Townsend, Steven K. Schmidt, and Briana C. Constance

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An Operational Remote Sensing Algorithm of Land Surface Evaporation, Kenlo Nishida, Ramakrishna R. Nemani, Steven W. Running, and Joseph M. Glassy

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Genetic Relationships Among Leptographium terebrantis and the Mycangial Fungi of Three Western Dendroctonus Bark Beetles, Diana Six, Thomas C. Harrington, Joseph Steimel, Douglas McNew, and T. D. Paine

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Human Health Effects of a Changing Global Nitrogen Cycle, Alan R. Townsend, Robert W. Howarth, Fakhri A. Bazzaz, Mary S. Booth, Cory C. Cleveland, Sharon K. Collinge, Andrew P. Dobson, Paul R. Epstein, Elisabeth A. Holland, Dennis R. Keeney, Michael A. Mallin, Christine A. Rogers, Peter Wayne, and Amir H. Wolfe

Submissions from 2002

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Livelihood Security and Protected Area Management, Stephen F. Siebert and Jill M. Belsky

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Unexpected Changes in Soil Phosphorus Dynamics Along Pasture Chronosequences in the Humid Tropics, Alan R. Townsend, Gregory P. Asner, Cory C. Cleveland, Margaret E. Lefer, and Mercedes M. C. Bustamante

Submissions from 1999

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Global Patterns of Terrestrial Biological Nitrogen (N2) Fixation in Natural Ecosystems, Cory C. Cleveland, Alan R. Townsend, David S. Schimel, Hank Fisher, Robert W. Howarth, Lars O. Hedin, Steven S. Perakis, Erika F. Latty, Joseph C. Von Fischer, Adrien Elseroad, and Matt F. Wasson

Submissions from 1997

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Consumption of Atmospheric Isoprene in Soil, Cory C. Cleveland and Joseph B. Yavitt

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Ophiostoma clavigerum is the Mycangial Fungus of the Jeffrey Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus jeffreyi, Diana Six and T. D. Paine

Submissions from 1996

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Leptographium pyrinum is a Mycangial Fungus of Dendroctonus adjunctus, Diana Six and T. D. Paine

Submissions from 1988

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Microbial Consumption of Atmospheric Isoprene in a Temperate Forest Soil, Cory C. Cleveland and J. B. Yavitt