Year of Award

2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Name

Mathematics

Department or School/College

Department of Mathematical Sciences

Committee Co-chair

Johnathan Bardsley, Aaron Luttman

Commitee Members

Jon Graham, Peter Golubstov, Leonid Kalachev

Publisher

University of Montana

Abstract

An important component of analyzing images quantitatively is modeling image blur due to e ects from the system for image capture. When the e ect of image blur is assumed to be translation invariant and isotropic, it can be generally modeled as convolution with a radially symmetric kernel, called the point spread function (PSF). Standard techniques for estimating the PSF involve imaging a bright point source, but this is not always feasible (e.g. high energy radiography). This work provides a novel non-parametric approach to estimating the PSF from a calibration image of a vertical edge. Moreover, the approach is within a hierarchical Bayesian framework that in addition to providing a method for estimation, also gives a quantification of uncertainty in the estimate by Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods.

In the development, we employ a recently developed enhancement to Gibbs sampling, referred to as partial collapse. The improved algorithm has been independently derived in several other works, however, it has been shown that partial collapse may be improperly implemented resulting in a sampling algorithm that that no longer converges to the desired posterior. The algorithm we present is proven to satisfy invariance with respect to the target density. This work and its implementation on radiographic data from the U.S. Department of Energy's Cygnus high-energy X-ray diagnostic system have culminated in a paper titled \Partially Collapsed Gibbs Samplers for Linear Inverse Problems and Applications to X-ray Imaging."

The other component of this work is mainly theoretical and develops the requisite functional analysis to make the integration based model derived in the first chapter rigorous. The literature source is from functional analysis related to distribution theory for linear partial differential equations, and briefly addresses infinite dimensional probability theory for Hilbert space-valued stochastic processes, a burgeoning and very active research area for the analysis of inverse problems. To our knowledge, this provides a new development of a notion of radial symmetry for L2 based distributions. This work results in defining an L2 complete space of radially symmetric distributions, which is an important step toward rigorously placing the PSF estimation problem in the infinite dimensional framework and is part of ongoing work toward that end.

Share

COinS
 

© Copyright 2016 Kevin Thomas Joyce