Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Geophysical Research Letters

Publisher

American Geophysical Union

Publication Date

12-14-2002

Abstract

Detailed three-dimensional in-situ measurements of deformation at depth are used to examine the rheology of a 6 x 106 m3 block of temperate glacier ice. Assuming that the viscosity of this ice is primarily dependent on stress, the relationship between inferred stress and measurements of strain-rate above about 115 m depth suggest a constitutive relationship with a stress exponent n about 1. Deformation below 115 m is described by a non-linear flow law with a power exponent of approximately 3-4. A sharp transition between the two flow regimes is likely caused by a change in the dominant mechanism from superplastic flow, basal slip, and/or diffusional flow near the surface to dislocation and intragranular deformation at depth.

DOI

10.1029/2002GL015412

Comments

An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright (2002) American Geophysical Union.

Rights

© 2002 by the American Geophysical Union

Recommended Citation

Marshall, H. P., J. T. Harper, W. T. Pfeffer, and N. F. Humphrey, Depth-varying constitutive properties observed in an isothermal glacier, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(23), 2146, doi:10.1029/2002GL015412, 2002.

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