Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
The primary purpose of this project was to study exercise-induced leukocyte cytokine mRNA expression. Changes in plasma cytokine levels and blood leukocyte mRNA expression for interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL- 10, and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) were measured in 12 athletes following 2 h of intensive cycling (64% Wattsmax) while ingesting a carbohydrate or placebo beverage (randomized and double blinded). Blood samples were collected 30 min preexercise and immediately and 1 h postexercise. Carbohydate compared with placebo ingestion attenuated exercise-induced changes in plasma cortisol (8.8% vs. 62%, respectively), epinephrine (–9.2% vs. 138%), IL-6 (10-fold vs. 40-fold), IL-10 (8.9-fold vs. 26-fold, and IL-1Ra (2.1-fold vs. 5.6-fold). Significant time effects were measured for blood leukocyte IL-8 (2.4-fold increase 1 h postexercise), IL-10 (2.7-fold increase), IL-1Ra (2.2-fold increase), and IL-6 (0.8-fold decrease) mRNA content, with no significant differences between Cho and Pla test conditions. In summary, gene expression for IL-8, IL-10, and IL-1Ra, but not IL-6, is increased in blood leukocytes taken from athletes following 2 h of intensive cycling and is not influenced by carbohydrate compared with placebo ingestion. mRNA expression was high enough to indicate a substantial contribution of blood leukocytes to plasma levels of IL-8, IL-10, and IL-1Ra during prolonged exercise.
© Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Dr. David C. Nieman, Dru A. Henson, J. Mark Davis, Charles l. Dumke, Alan C. Utter, E. Angela Murphy, Steven Pearce, Greg Gojanovich, Steven R. McAnulty, and Lisa S. McAnulty. Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research. September 2006, 26(9): 668-674. doi:10.1089/jir.2006.26.668.