This paper will be concerned with undergraduate and graduate students’ problem solving as they encounter it in attempting to prove theorems, mainly to satisfy their professors in their courses, but also as they conduct original research for theses and dissertations. We take Schoenfeld’s (1985) view of problem, namely, a mathematical task is a problem for an individual if that person does not already know a method of solution for that task. Thus, a given task may be a problem for one individual, who does not already know a solution method for that task, or it may be an exercise for an individual who already knows a procedure or an algorithm for solving that task.
Selden, Annie and Selden, John
"Proof and Problem Solving at University Level,"
The Mathematics Enthusiast: Vol. 10
, Article 14.
Available at: http://scholarworks.umt.edu/tme/vol10/iss1/14