The Wildlife Biology Program is a University of Montana Program of National Distinction. The faculty publications from the Wildlife Biology Program include research and creative scholarship in zoology, wildlife ecology, population dynamics, conservation of wildlife, and management of anthropogenic effects on wildlife. The extensive and diverse wildlife populations in Montana provide an excellent study site for many projects, but the Wildlife Biology Program's breath of research is truly global in nature.

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Submissions from 2016

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Assessing Potential Habitat and Carrying Capacity for Reintroduction of Plains Bison (Bison bison bison) in Banff National Park, Robin Steenweg, Mark Hebblewhite, David Gummer, and Bill Hunt

Submissions from 2015

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Examining Temporal Sample Scale and Model Choice with Spatial Capture-Recapture Models in the Common Leopard Panthera pardus, Joshua F. Goldberg, Tshering Tempa, Nawang Norbu, Mark Hebblewhite, L. Scott Mills, Tshewang R. Wangchuk, and Paul Lukacs

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Reproductive performance of Kittlitz's Murrelet in a glaciated landscape, Icy Bay, Alaska, USA, Michelle L. Kissling, Scott M. Gende, Stephen B. Lewis, and Paul Lukacs

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Effects of Gunnison Sage-Grouse habitat treatment efforts on associated avifauna and vegetation structure, Paul Lukacs, Amy Seglund, and Steve Boyle

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Roe deer summer habitat selection at multiple spatio-temporal scales in an Alpine environment, Sara Mancinelli, Wibke Peters, Luigi Boitani, Mark Hebblewhite, and Francesca Cagnacci

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Postnatal Growth Rates Covary Weakly with Embryonic Development Rates and Do Not Explain Adult Mortality Probability among Songbirds on Four Continents, Thomas E. Martin, Oteyza C. Oteyza, Adam E. Mitchell, Ahva L. Potticary, and Penn Lloyd

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Integrating resource selection into spatial capture-recapture models for large carnivores, K. M. Proffitt, Joshua F. Goldberg, Mark Hebblewhite, R. Russell, B. S. Jimenez, H. S. Robinson, K. Pilgrim, and M. K. Schwartz

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Sex ratios of Mountain Plovers from egg production to fledging, Margaret Mercedes Riordan, Paul Lukacs, Kathryn P. Huyvaert, and Victoria J. Dreitz

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Testing factors influencing identification rates of similar species during abundance surveys, Anne Louise Schaefer, Paul Lukacs, and Michelle L. Kissling

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Integrated survival analysis using an event-time approach in a Bayesian framework, Daniel P. Walsh, Victoria J. Dreitz, and Dennis M. Heisey

Submissions from 2014

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Evidence of Climate-Induced Range Contractions in Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus in a Rocky Mountain Watersehd, U.S.A., Lisa A. Eby, Olga E. Helmy, Lisa M. Holsinger, and Michael K. Young

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Consequences of a Refuge for the Predator-Prey Dynamics of a Wolf-Elk System in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada, Joshua F. Goldberg, Mark Hebblewhite, and Jonathan M. Bardsley

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The GPS craze: six questions to address before deciding to deploy GPS technology on wildlife, A. David M. Latham, M. Cecilia Latham, Dean P. Anderson, Jen Cruz, Dan Herries, and Mark Hebblewhite

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A Conceptual Framework for Clutch-Size Evolution in Songbirds, Thomas E. Martin

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Within-Season Nest Reuse by Mountain Plovers (Charadrius Montanus) in Eastern Colorado, Lani T. Stinson and Victoria J. Dreitz

Submissions from 2013

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A Field Experiment Demonstrating Plant Life-History Evolution and its Eco-Evolutionary Feedback to Seed Predator Populations, Anurag A. Agrawal, Marc T. J. Johnson, Amy P. Hastings, and John L. Maron

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Native Congeners Provide Biotic Resistance to Invasive Potentilla Through Soil Biota, Ragan M. Callaway, Daniel Montesinos, Kimberlyn Williams, and John L. Maron

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Wrangling Phosphoproteomic Data to Elucidate Cancer Signaling Pathways, Mark L. Grimes, Wan-Jui Lee, Laurens van der Maaten, and Paul Shannon

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Genetic Sampling of Palmer's Chipmunks in the Spring Mountains, Nevada, Kevin S. McKelvey, Jennifer E. Ramirez, Kristine L. Pilgrim, Samuel A. Cushman, and Michael K. Schwartz

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Estimating Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) kill rates and potential consumption rates using global positioning system collars, Clayton Steele Miller, Mark Hebblewhite, Yuri K. Petrunenko, Ivan V. Seryodkin, Nicholas J. DeCesare, John M. Goodrich, and Dale G. Miquelle

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Humans Strengthen Bottom-Up Effects and Weaken Trophic Cascades in a Terrestrial Food Web, Tyler B. Muhly, Mark Hebblewhite, Dale Paton, Justin A. Pitt, Mark S. Boyce, and Marco Musiani

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Breed Locally, Disperse Globally: Fine-Scale Genetic Structure Despite Landscape-Scale Panmixia in a Fire-Specialist, Jennifer C. Pierson, Fred W. Allendorf, Pierre Drapeau, and Michael K. Schwartz

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Abundance as a Conservation Value, Kent H. Redford, Joel Berger, and Steve Zack

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Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan: A Hot Spot for Wild Felids, Tshering Tempa, Mark Hebblewhite, L. Scott Mills, Tshewang R. Wangchuk, Nawang Norbu, Tenzin Wangchuk, Tshering Nidup, Pema Dendup, Dorji Wangchuk, Yeshi Wangdi, and Tshering Dorji

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Robust Detection of Rare Species Using Environmental DNA: the Importance of Primer Specificity, Taylor M. Wilcox, Kevin S. McKelvey, Michael K. Young, Stephen F. Jane, Winsor H. Lowe, Andrew R. Whiteley, and Michael K. Schwartz

Submissions from 2012

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Fungal Endophytes Directly Increase the Competitive Effects of an Invasive Forb, Erik T. Aschehoug, Kerry L. Metlen, Ragan M. Callaway, and George Newcombe

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Transcriptome-Based Exon Capture Enables Highly Cost-Effective Comparative Genomic Data Collection At Moderate Evolutionary Scales, Ke Bi, Dan Vanderpool, Sonal Singhal, Tyler Linderoth, Craig Moritz, and Jeffrey M. Good

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Why Are Caribou Declining in the Oil Sands?, Stan Boutin, Mark S. Boyce, and Mark Hebblewhite

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Nest Predation Risk and Growth Strategies of Passerine Species: Grow Fast or Develop Traits to Escape Risk?, Yi-Ru Cheng and Thomas E. Martin

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Transcending Scale Dependence in Identifying Habitat with Resource Selection Functions, Nicholas J. DeCesare, Mark Hebblewhite, Fiona Schmiegelow, David Hervieux, Gregory J. McDermid, Lalenia Neufeld, Mark Bradley, Jesse Whittington, Kirby G. Smith, Luigi E. Morgantini, Matthew Wheatley, and Marco Musiani

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Drought and Cooler Temperatures Are Associated with Higher Nest Survival in Mountain Plovers, Victoria J. Dreitz, Reesa Yale Conrey, and Susan K. Skagen

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The Conflict Within and the Escalating War Between the Sex Chromosomes, Jeffrey M. Good

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Growth and Competitive Effects of Centaurea Stoebe Populations in Response to Simulated Nitrogen Deposition, Wei-Ming He, Daniel Montesinos, Giles C. Thelan, and Ragan M. Callaway

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Distorting the Process of Scientific Inquiry, Richard L. Hutto

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The Importance of Host Plant Limitation for Caterpillars of an Arctiid Moth (Platyprepia Virginalis) Varies Spatially, Richard Karban, Patrick Grof-Tisza, John L. Maron, and Marcel Holyoak

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Community Impacts of Prosopis Juliflora Invasion: Biogeographic and Congeneric Comparisons, Rajwant Kaur, Wilfredo L. Gonzáles, Luis Daniel Llambi, Pascual J. Soriano, Ragan M. Callaway, Marnie E. Rout, Timothy J. Gallaher, and Inderjit

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Neo-Allopatry and Rapid Reproductive Isolation, Daniel Montesinos, Gilberto Santiago, and Ragan M. Callaway

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Population-Level Compensation Impedes Biological Control of an Invasive Forb and Indirect Release of a Native Grass, Yvette K. Ortega, Dean E. Pearson, Lauren P. Waller, Nancy J. Sturdevant, and John L. Maron

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NGF Causes TrkA to Specifically Attract Microtubules to Lipid Rafts, Shona Pryor, Gretchen McCaffrey, Lindsay R. Young, and Mark L. Grimes

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The Effect of Fire on Spatial Separation Between Wolves and Caribou, Hugh S. Robinson, Mark Hebblewhite, Nicholas J. DeCesare, Jessie Whittington, Layla Neufeld, Mark Bradley, and Marco Musiani

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Positive Relationships Between Association Strength and Phenotypic Similarity Characterize the Assembly of Mixed-Species Bird Flocks Worldwide, Hari Sridhar, Umesh Srinivasan, Robert A. Askins, Julio Cesar Canales Delgadillo, Chao-Chieh Chen, David N. Ewert, George A. Gale, Eben Goodale, Wendy K. Gram, Patrick J. Hart, Keith A. Hobson, Richard L. Hutto, Sarath W. Kotagama, Jessie Knowlton, Tien Ming Lee, Charles A. Munn, Somchai Nimnuan, B. Z. Nizam, Gillaume Péron, V. V. Robin, Amanda D. Rodewald, Paul G. Rodewald, Robert L. Thomson, Pranav Trivedi, Steven L. Van Wilgenburg, and Kartik Shanker

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Historical and Contemporary DNA Indicate Fisher Decline and Isolation Occurred Prior to the European Settlement of California, Jody M. Tucker, Michael K. Schwartz, Richard L. Truex, Kristine L. Pilgrim, and Fred W. Allendorf

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Models of Experimental Competitive Intensities Predict Home and Away Differences in Invasive Impact and the Effects of an Endophytic Mutualist, Sa Xiao, Ragan M. Callaway, George Newcombe, and Erik T. Aschehoug

Submissions from 2011

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Range-Expanding Populations of a Globally Introduced Weed Experience Negative Plant-Soil Feedbacks, Krikor Andonian, José L. Hierro, Liana Khetsuriani, Pablo Becerra, Grigor Janoyan, Diego Villarreal, Lohengrin Cavieres, Laurel R. Fox, and Ragan M. Callaway

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Effects of Soil Biota from Different Ranges on Robinia Invasion: Acquiring Mutualists and Escaping Pathogens, Ragan M. Callaway, Eulogio J. Bedmar, Kurt O. Reinhart, Cinta Gómez Silvan, and John Klironomos

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Escape from Competition: Neighbors Reduce Centaurea stoebe Performance At Home But Not Away, Ragan M. Callaway, Lauren P. Waller, Alecu Diaconu, Robert Pal, Alexandra R. Collins, Heingz Mueller-Schaerer, and John L. Maron

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On Characterizing Adaptive Events Unique to Modern Humans, Jessica L. Crisci, Alex Wong, Jeffrey M. Good, and Jeffrey D. Jensen

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Nest Predation and Circulating Corticosterone Levels Within and Among Species, Joseph J. Fontaine, Elena Arriero, Hubert Schwabl, and Thomas E. Martin

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Volatile Chemicals from Leaf Litter are Associated with Invasiveness of a Neotropical Weed in Asia, Inderjit, Heather Evans, Christoph Crocoll, Devika Bajpai, Rajwant Kaur, Yu-Long Feng, Carlos Silva, Jacinto Treviño Carreón, Alfonso Valiente-Banuet, Jonathan Gershenzon, and Ragan M. Callaway

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Win-Win for Wind and Wildlife: a Vision to Facilitate Sustainable Development, Joseph M. Kiesecker, Jeffrey S. Evans, Joe Fargione, Kevin Doherty, Kerry R. Foresman, Thomas H. Kunz, David E. Naugle, Nathan P. Nibbelink, and Neal D. Niemuth

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Distribution and Abundance of the Kittlitz's Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris in Selected Areas of Southeastern Alaska, Michelle L. Kissling, Paul M. Lukacs, Stephen B. Lewis, Scott M. Gende, Katherine J. Kuletz, Nicholas R. Hatch, Sarah K. Schoen, and Susan Oehlers

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Mitochondrial Genome Sequences Illuminate Maternal Lineages of Conservation Concern in a Rare Carnivore, Brian J. Knaus, Richard C. Cronn, Aaron Liston, Kristine L. Pilgrim, and Michael K. Schwartz

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Generalized Functional Responses for Species Distributions, Jason Matthiopoulos, Mark Hebblewhite, Geert Aarts, and John Fieberg

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Climate Change Predicted to Shift Wolverine Distributions, Connectivity, and Dispersal Corridors, Kevin Scot McKelvey, Jeffrey P. Copeland, Michael K. Schwartz, Jeremy S. Littell, Keith B. Aubry, John R. Squires, Marketa M. Elsner, and Guillaume S. Mauger

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Biotic Resistance Via Granivory: Establishment by Invasive, Naturalized, and Native Asters Reflects Generalist Preference, Dean E. Pearson, Ragan M. Callaway, and John L. Maron

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Human Activity Differentially Redistributes Large Mammals in the Canadian Rockies National Parks, James Kimo Rogala, Mark Hebblewhite, Jesse Whittington, Cliff A. White, Jenny Coleshill, and Marco Musiani

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Plant Invasions, Generalist Herbivores, and Novel Defense Weapons, Urs Schaffner, Wendy M. Ridenour, Vera C. Wolf, Thomas Bassett, Caroline Müller-Schärer, Steve Sutherland, Christopher J. Lortie, and Ragan M. Callaway

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Soil Microbes Drive the Classic Plant Diversity-Productivity Pattern, Stefan A. Schnitzer, John N. Klironomos, Janneke HilleRisLambers, Linda L. Kinkel, Peter B. Reich, Kun Xiao, Matthias C. Rillig, Benjamin A. Sikes, Ragan M. Callaway, Scott A. Mangan, Egbert H. van Nes, and Marten Scheffer

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Wildlife Scientists and Wilderness Managers Finding Common Ground with Noninvasive and Nonintrusive Sampling of Wildlife, Michael K. Schwartz, Peter B. Landres, and David J. Parsons

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Genetic Monitoring for Managers: A New Online Resource, Jeffrey Brian Stetz, Katherine Kendall, Christina D. Vojta, and Genetic Monitoring (GeM) Working Group

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The Forgotten Stage of Forest Succession: Early-Successional Ecosystems on Forest Sites, Mark E. Swanson, Jerry F. Franklin, Robert L. Beschta, Charles M. Crisafulli, Dominick A. DellaSala, Richard L. Hutto, David B. Lindenmaver, and Frederick J. Swanson

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Is Wildlife Going to the Dogs? Impacts of Feral and Free-Roaming Dogs on Wildlife Populations, Julie K. Young, Kirk A. Olson, Richard P. Reading, Sukh Amgalanbaatar, and Joel Berger

Submissions from 2010

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Capture of Ungulates in Central Asia Using Drive Nets: Advantages and Pitfalls Illustrated by the Endangered Mongolian Saiga Saiga Tatarica Mongolica, Joel Berger, Kim M. Murray, Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar, Michael R. Dunbar, and Badamjav Lkhagvasuren

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The Interpretation of Habitat Preference Metrics Under Use–Availability Designs, Hawthorne L. Beyer, Daniel T. Haydon, Juan M. Morales, Jacqueline L. Frair, Mark Hebblewhite, Michael Mitchell, and Jason Matthiopoulos

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Small-Mammal Seed Predation Limits the Recruitment and Abundance of Two Perennial Grassland Forbs, Mary Bricker, Dean Pearson, and John L. Maron

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Plant Neighbor Identity Influences Plant Biochemistry and Physiology Related to Defense, Amanda K. Broz, Corey D. Broeckling, Clelia De-la-Peña, Matthew R. Lewis, Erick Greene, Ragan M. Callaway, Lloyd W. Sumner, and Jorge M. Vivanco

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Parental Investment Decisions in Response to Ambient Nest-Predation Risk Versus Actual Predation on the Prior Nest, Anna D. Chalfoun and Thomas E. Martin

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An Assessment of Factors Affecting Population Growth of the Mountain Plover, Stephen J. Dinsmore, Michael B. Wunder, Victoria J. Dreitz, and Fritz L. Knopf

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A Currency for Offsetting Energy Development Impacts: Horse-Trading Sage-Grouse on the Open Market, Kevin E. Doherty, David E. Naugle, and Jeffrey S. Evans

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Use of Rpsl as a Counterselectable Marker in Borrelia Burgdorferi, Dan Drecktrah, Miles J. Douglas, and D. Scott Samuels

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Mortality of Parental Mountain Plovers (Charadrius montanus) during the Post-hatching Stage, Victoria J. Dreitz

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Correlation and Studies of Habitat Selection: Problem, Red Herring or Opportunity?, John Fieberg, Jason Matthiopoulos, Mark Hebblewhite, Mark S. Boyce, and Jacqueline L. Frair

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Resolving Issues of Imprecise and Habitat-Biased Locations in Ecological Analyses Using GPS Telemetry Data, Jacqueline L. Frair, John Fieberg, Mark Hebblewhite, Francesca Cagnacci, Nicholas J. DeCesare, and Luca Pedrotti

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Habitat–Performance Relationships: Finding the Right Metric at a Given Spatial Scale, Jean-Michel Gaillard, Mark Hebblewhite, Anne Loison, Mark Fuller, Roger Powell, Mathieu Basille, and Bram Van Moorter

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Widespread Over-Expression of the X Chromosome in Sterile F-1 Hybrid Mice, Jeffrey M. Good, Thomas Giger, Matthew D. Dean, and Michael W. Nachman

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Distinguishing Technology from Biology: a Critical Review of the Use of GPS Telemetry Data in Ecology, Mark Hebblewhite and Daniel T. Haydon

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Prairie Wetland Complexes as Landscape Functional Units in a Changing Climate, Carter W. Johnson, Brett Werner, Glenn R. Guntenspergen, Richard A. Voldseth, Bruce Millett, David E. Naugle, Mirela Tulbure, Rosemary W. H. Carroll, John Tracy, and Craig Olawsky

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Explaining Long-Distance Dispersal: Effects of Dispersal Distance on Survival and Growth in a Stream Salamander, Winsor H. Lowe

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Testing Assumptions of Distance Sampling on a Pelagic Seabird, Paul M. Lukacs, Michelle L. Kissling, Mason Reid, Scott M. Gende, and Stephen B. Lewis

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Counterintuitive Effects of Large-Scale Predator Removal on a Midlatitude Rodent Community, John L. Maron, Dean E. Pearson, and Robert J. Fletcher Jr.

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Funding Needed for Assessments of Weed Biological Control, John L. Maron, Dean E. Pearson, Stephen M. Hovick, and Walter P. Carson

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Building a Mechanistic Understanding of Predation with GPS-based Movement Data, Evelyn Merrill, Ha˚kan Sand, Barbara Zimmermann, Heather McPhee, Nathan Webb, Mark Hebblewhite, Peter Wabakken, and Jacqueline L. Frair

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Testing Hypotheses for Exotic Plant Success: Parallel Experiments in the Native and Introduced Ranges, Jennifer L. Williams, Harald Auge, and John L. Maron

Submissions from 2009

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Don't Diss Integration: A Comment on Ricklefs's Disintegrating Communities, Rob W. Booker, Ragan M. Callaway, Lohengrin A. Cavieres, Zaal Kikvidze, Christopher J. Lortie, Richard Michalet, Francisco I. Pugnaire, Alfonso Valiente-Banuet, and Thomas G. Whitham

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Bushmeat Poaching Reduces the Seed Dispersal and Population Growth Rate of a Mammal-Dispersed Tree, Jedidiah F. Brodie, Olga E. Helmy, Warren Y. Brockelman, and John L. Maron

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Functional Differences Within a Guild of Tropical Mammalian Frugivores, Jedidiah F. Brodie, Olga E. Helmy, Warren Y. Brockelman, and John L. Maron

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Fluctuating Asymmetry in Elk Cervus Elaphus Antlers is Unrelated to Environmental Conditions in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Scott L. Eggeman, Mark Hebblewhite, Julie Cunningham, and Ken Hamlin

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Linking Wildlife Populations with Ecosystem Change: State-of-the-Art Satellite Ecology for National-Park Science, Mark Hebblewhite

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Trade-Offs Between Predation Risk and Forage Differ Between Migrant Strategies in a Migratory Ungulate, Mark Hebblewhite and Evelyn Merrill

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Ecological Facilitation May Drive Major Evolutionary Transitions, Zaal Kikvidze and Ragan M. Callaway

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Neglect of Genetic Diversity in Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Linda Laikre, Fred W. Allendorf, Laurel C. Aroner, C. Scott Baker, David P. Gregovich, Michael M. Hansen, Jennifer A. Jackson, Katherine Kendall, Kevin Scot McKelvey, Maile C. Neel, Isabelle Olivieri, Nils Ryman, Michael K. Schwartz, Ruth Short Bull, Jeffrey Brian Stetz, David A. Tallmon, Barbara L. Taylor, Christina D. Vojta, Donald M. Waller, and Robin S. Waples

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What Drives Long-Distance Dispersal? A Test of Theoretical Predictions, Winsor H. Lowe

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Global Population Dynamics and Hot Spots of Response to Climate Change, Eric Post, Jebediah Brodie, Mark Hebblewhite, Angela D. Anders, Julie A. K. Maier, and Christopher C. Wilmers

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Area Sensitivity in North American Grassland Birds: Patterns and Processes, Christine A. Ribic, Rolf R. Koford, James R. Herkert, Douglas H. Johnson, Neal D. Niemuth, David E. Naugle, Kristel K. Bakker, David W. Sample, and Rosalind B. Renfrew

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Wolverine Gene Flow Across a Narrow Climatic Niche, Michael K. Schwartz, Jeffrey P. Copeland, Neil J. Anderson, John R. Squires, Robert M. Inman, Kevin Scot McKelvey, Kristine L. Pilgrim, Lisette P. Waits, and Samuel A. Cushman

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Evidence for the Evolution of Reduced Mycorrhizal Dependence During Plant Invasion, Elizabeth K. Seifert, James D. Bever, and John L. Maron

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Plasma Testosterone Correlates with Morph Type Across Breeding Substages in Male White-Throated Sparrows, M. B. Swett and Creagh W. Breuner

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Abundance and Density of Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) and Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) in Eastern Colorado, Heather C. Tipton, Paul F. Doherty Jr., and Victoria J. Dreitz

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Ontogeny and Individual Variation in the Adrenocortical Response of Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia Guttata) Nestlings, Haruka Wada, Katrina G. Salvante, Emily Wagner, Tony D. Williams, and Creagh W. Breuner

Submissions from 2008

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Extant or Extinct? White-Tailed Jack Rabbits and Yellowstone's Food Web, Joel Berger