Plants are more complex than animals and fungi: in addition to nuclei and mitochondria, plant cells contain plastids (organelles for tapping the Sun's energy). Plants evolved from protoctist algae that had already incorporated cyanobacteria that became chloroplasts.
Significant challenges face the earliest plants as they confront the demands of surviving on dry land. Accustomed to an aquatic life style, early plants lay on the surface, unable to support their weight against gravity. Watery conjugation is no longer a viable survival strategy. The most crucial innovation for the first true plant is the ability to develop a fertile egg into an embryo, a multicellular young plant, within moist protective maternal tissue.
University of Montana--Missoula. Environmental Studies Program
© 1997 Stiftung Drittes Millennium
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Liebes, Sid; Mittelstadt, Laurie; Waugh, Barbara; and Brynes, Lois, "Panel 59: What Are Plants?" (1997). A Walk Through Time - From Stardust To Us. 59.