Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Biological Chemistry

Publication Date

1997

Abstract

Glutamate transporters maintain low synaptic concentrations of neurotransmitter by coupling uptake to flux of other ions. After cotransport of glutamic acid with Na+, the cycle is completed by countertransport of K+. We have identified an amino acid residue (glutamate 404) influencing ion coupling in a domain of the transporter implicated previously in kainate binding. Mutation of this residue to aspartate (E404D) prevents both forward and reverse transport induced by K+. Sodium-dependent transmitter exchange and a transporter-mediated chloride conductance are unaffected by the mutation, indicating that this residue selectively influences potassium flux coupling. The results support a kinetic model in which sodium and potassium are translocated in distinct steps and suggest that this highly conserved region of the transporter is intimately associated with the ion permeation pathway.

DOI

10.1074/jbc.272.3.1703

Rights

© 1997 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

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