Nick Kramis Interview, circa 1978

Interviewee

Nick Kramis

Interviewer

May Vallance

Files

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Download Audio Interview (22.7 MB)

Download Transcript of Nick Kramis Interview (112 KB)

Description

Nick Kramis describes his early life and education in the Charlos Heights School, a one-room school in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1910s. He recounts the struggles of being a second-generation immigrant from Switzerland with the tensions of World War One and many of the students assuming his family was German. Kramis recalls his teachers and how they managed to teach grades 1 through 8 in a single room while encouraging their students to learn and bringing them up to Montana state education standards. He discusses the homestead he and his family lived on in the Charlos Heights area as well as the technological advancements of the day, such as radios. Kramis recalls the families living in the area during the early 1900s and the community events in which they participated.

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Document Type

Oral History

Subjects

Bitterroot Valley, Montana; Ravalli County, Montana; Education, Montana; Schoolhouses, rural; Charlos Heights school district; Immigration, Montana; Emigration, Montana; World War, 1914-1918; Homesteading; Rural development; Homesteaders, Montana; Swiss immigrants, Montana; One-room schoolhouses; Homesteading schools; Hamilton, Montana

Original Date

1978

Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage

Montana

Language

eng

Original Collection

Bitterroot Historical Society Oral History Project, OH 120, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library

Rights

Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 / library.archives@umontana.edu

Oral History Number

OH 120-004d

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (60 min.) analog + 1 transcript (5 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:18:00 minutes

Local Filename

OH_120_004_d.mp3; OH_120_004_d.pdf

Nick Kramis Interview, circa 1978

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