Carling I. Malouf Interview, September 28, 2004


Carling I. Malouf


G.G. Weix, Sharon Small, and Betty Matthews



Download Audio Interview (74.2 MB)

Download Transcript of Carling Malouf Interview (322 KB)


Carling I. Malouf recalls a Peyote ritual he was invited to attend in 1939 and how he became an honorary member of the Crow tribe in Montana. He goes on to describe many aspects of Native American religion and culture including but not limited to history, linguistics, art, hunting, and gender. Malouf details Native American experiences of receiving a “gift,” or spiritual power, from a spirit in the form of an animal, person, or inanimate object, while noting that these powers had limitations. He compares Native American religions to other traditions around the globe, especially Christianity, and concludes that they held basic features in common. He notes that world traditions are more similar than they are different.


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Document Type

Oral History


Anthropology; Ethnology; University of Montana; Native American tribes; Native American tribes, Montana; Native American students; Native American religion; Frank Takes-Gun; Native Church of North America Ethnomusicology; Allan Merriam

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage

Montana; California; Utah



Original Collection

Carling I. Malouf Oral History Project, OH 441, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 441-002

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (01:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (14 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:58:10 minutes

Local Filename

OH_441_002.mp3; OH_441_002_pdf

Carling I. Malouf Interview, September 28, 2004