Carling I. Malouf Interview, October 7, 2004


Carling I. Malouf


Sharon Small and Betty Matthews



Download Audio Interview (113.6 MB)

Download Transcript of Carling Malouf Interview (416 KB)


Carling Malouf discusses his use of informants for his anthropological work, which helped him better understand the history of Native American tribes in Montana. He goes on to credit Thain White with discovering how Native Americans in Montana made syrup from the sap of Ponderosa pine trees. Malouf details the work he did with buffalo jumps, and he recalls his training in anatomy, which aided his physical anthropology work. He also discusses being drafted into the U.S. Army early in World War Two, and was trained in Officer Candidate School before being sent to work in an army prison in California. Malouf talks about his experience working on the defense counsel for court-martial cases.


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Document Type

Oral History


Anthropology; Ethnology; Native American tribes; Native American tribes, Montana; Native American religion; Thain White; Bison Jump Archeology; Pictographs; Petroglyphs; Physical anthropology; Reserve Officers’ Training Corps [ROTC]; U.S. Army; U.S. Army prison; Trial judge advocate

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage

Montana; California; Utah



Original Collection

Carling I. Malouf Oral History Project, OH 441, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 441-004

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

2 sound cassettes (02:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (20 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:30:54 minutes

Local Filename

OH_441_004.mp3; OH_441_004_pdf

Carling I. Malouf Interview, October 7, 2004