Biochemistry | Chemistry | Life Sciences | Physical Sciences and Mathematics
We report tryptophan fluorescence measurements of emission intensity, iodide quenching, and anisotropy that describe the environment and dynamics at X and Y sites in stable collagen-like peptides of sequence (Gly-X-Y)(n). About 90% of tryptophans at both sites have similar solvent exposed fluorescence properties and a lifetime of 8.5-9 ns. Analysis of anisotropy decays using an associative model indicates that these long lifetime populations undergo rapid depolarizing motion with a 0.5 ns correlation time; however, the extent of fast motion at the Y site is considerably less than the essentially unrestricted motion at the X site. About 10% of tryptophans at both sites have a shorter (similar to3 ns) lifetime indicating proximity to a protein quenching group; these minor populations are immobile on the peptide surface, depolarizing only by overall trimer rotation. Iodide quenching indicates that tryptophans at the X site are more accessible to solvent. Side chains at X sites are more solvent accessible and considerably more mobile than residues at Y sites and can more readily fluctuate among alternate intermolecular interactions in collagen fibrils. This fluorescence analysis of collagen-like peptides lays a foundation for studies on the structure, dynamics, and function of collagen and of triple-helical junctions in gelatin gels.
Simon-Lukasik, K. V.; Persikov, A. V.; Brodsky, B.; Ramshaw, J. A. M.; Laws, William; Ross, J. B. A.; and Ludescher, R. D., "Fluorescence Determination of Tryptophan Side-Chain Accessibility and Dynamics in Triple-Helical Collagen-Like Peptides" (2003). Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications. 23.