Glenn Carmichael and Aili Carmichael Interview, April 28, 1987


Gladys Peterson



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Download Transcript of Glenn Carmichael and Aili Carmichael Interview (386 KB)


Glenn and Aili Carmichael discuss the history of Butte, Montana. Glenn Carmichael describes how his family came to in Montana, when he met Senator William A. Clark as a child, and how he ended up working in medicine. The couple talk about the Prohibition and the Great Depression, recalling when President Franklin Roosevelt closed the banks. Glenn Carmichael reminisces about working as a doctor during the Depression, the birthrate in Butte, and becoming the head of the Maternal and Child Health Committee for Montana. He describes the lack of obstetrics standards, how women preferred to have babies at home, and the prevalence of impetigo in hospitals. Aili Carmichael discusses the nursing standards in the 1930s, and compares them to the nursing standards of the 1980s. Both recall changing medical standards during World War Two, and starting Red Cross nursing aide training program during the war.


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Document Type

Oral History


Great Depression (1929-1939); Prohibition (1920-1933); Franklin D. Roosevelt; Butte, Montana; Medical practices, Montana; Nursing; Maternal Child Health Committee; Pregnancy complications; Medical standards; Red Cross; World War (1939-1945)

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Depression Years in Montana Oral History Project, OH 131, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 131-050, 051

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

2 sound cassettes (02:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (24 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:20:37 minutes

Local Filename

OH_131_050_051.mp3; OH_131_050_051.pdf

Glenn Carmichael and Aili Carmichael Interview, April 28, 1987