John H. Toole Interview, July 16, 1987


John H. Toole


Gladys Peterson



Download Audio Interview (71.1 MB)

Download Transcript of John Toole Interview (206 KB)


John Toole discusses his family history and how his grandfather, Kenneth Ross, worked at Bonner Mill under Marcus Daly. He describes his grandfather’s experience with the financial crash in 1929 and about life in Missoula during the Great Depression. Toole recalls working at the Bonner Mill, and the growth of the Missoula Mercantile Company. He mentions what he remembers of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s presidential election. Toole also discusses the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the Public Works Administration (PWA), and the federal-aid highway program. He describes how each entity functioned and affected Missoula, Montana, as well as the men who traveled through Missoula on freights. He briefly discusses his educational background and the bombing at Pearl Harbor.


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Document Type

Oral History


Great Depression (1929-1939); World War (1939-1945); Works Progress Administration (WPA); Public Works Administration (PWA); Federal-aid highway program; Missoula, Montana; Bonner Mill, Montana; Marcus Daly; Franklin D. Roosevelt; Missoula Mercantile Company

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Depression Years in Montana Oral History Project, OH 131, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 131-053

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (01:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (14 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:57:22 minutes

Local Filename

OH_133_053.mp3; OH_133_053.pdf

John H. Toole Interview, July 16, 1987