Umut Arslan

Year of Award


Document Type


Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Name

Counselor Education and Supervision

Department or School/College

College of Education and Human Sciences

Committee Chair

John Sommers-Flanagan

Commitee Members

Catherine B. Jenni, Kirsten Murray, Lindsey Nichols, Morgen Alwell


University of Montana


The purpose of this study was to investigate qualifications of ethics training in counselor education programs in Turkey associated with accreditation, certification, and licensure. The survey data were collected from 251 Turkish counseling students to examine differences in ethical judgments between freshmen and seniors. This survey was based on the counselor ethical practice and belief survey by Gibson and Pope (1993) regarding Turkish counseling ethical codes and sources of ethics information. I used chi-square analyses to analyze the Turkish data. Statistically significant differences were found between university seniors and freshmen in items that related to dual relationships, multicultural counseling, competency, confidentiality, suicide prevention, fees and advertisement, and test administration. Compared to freshmen students, senior students’ ethical judgments were more consistent in most areas with Turkish ethical codes. Results also showed that female participants, compared to male participants, were more uncertain about their ethical judgments. Participants gave the highest rating of ethical information sources to their counseling programs, faculty members, and Turkish ethical codes, in that order. Results were integrated with accreditation, certification, and licensure developments in Turkey, and were compared with developments in the United States to make suggestions for future research.



© Copyright 2016 Umut Arslan