Year of Award


Document Type


Degree Type

Master of Arts (MA)

Degree Name


Department or School/College


Committee Chair

Gregory Campbell

Commitee Members

Riley Auge, Nicole Webb


internment, immigration, Fort Missoula, Italian, Japanese


University of Montana

Subject Categories

Social and Cultural Anthropology


In this paper, I attempt to comprehend the experiences of Italian and Japanese internees who were detained at Fort Missoula’s Alien Detention Center during World War II. Furthermore, I draw upon historical patterns of United States’ immigration policies that greatly affected perspectives and social values between various ethnic groups. Simultaneously, national immigration policies shifted across space and time reflecting ethnocentric ideals and discriminatory campaigns that altered past cultural, political, and economic landscapes. The events that produced the internment of Italian and Japanese men at Fort Missoula varied greatly and are critical to examine through historical records. Such records pertain to the experiences of Japanese Americans who were subject to loyalty hearings at Fort Missoula’s T-1 military courtroom during World War II. The secondary purpose of this paper is to establish a foundation in which to design and create a travelling display for museum purposes. The Historical Museum at Fort Missoula, located in Missoula, Montana, seeks to develop and construct a travelling display to draw upon the history, conflicts, and importance of those who were detained at Fort Missoula from 1941 to 1944. Museum institutions seek to serve the interests of their surrounding communities. In this light, the historical narratives of a dynamic physical and cultural landscape in Missoula become necessary to understand. Aspects of research, details, and methodology supported in this paper reflect core concepts to efficiently and creatively build a travelling display. Understanding such concepts emphasize positive and negative impacts relevant to terminology as one attempts to conduct historical research and a contemporary analysis of social, political, and economic issues.



© Copyright 2017 Daniel Smith