Year of Award


Document Type

Professional Paper

Degree Type

Master of Science (MS)

Degree Name

Health and Human Performance (Exercise Science Option)

Department or School/College

Health and Human Performace

Committee Chair

Dr.Chuck Dumke

Commitee Members

Dr. Matt Bundle, Dr. Rich Willy


bone stress injury, stress fracture, collegiate distance runner, risk factor


University of Montana


This literature review investigates the risk factors for bone stress injuries that apply to collegiate distance runners. Collegiate distance runners demonstrate high incidence rates of this type of injury and can suffer from a loss of training time. It is important to review the risk factors that apply to these athletes in order to mitigate the time lost to injury and optimize training. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for original articles pertaining to risk factors associated with bone stress injuries and/or stress fractures. Results from these original articles demonstrate that this injury has many risk factors including biomechanical, biological, and environmental factors. Collegiate distance runners need to be assessed on the basis of these risk factors so that they may mitigate their risk of bone stress injury and optimize their training time. This paper concludes with practical recommendations for collegiate distance runners to take into consideration that may decrease the risk of stress fracture.



© Copyright 2019 Maryn E. Lowry