Year of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Department or School/College
Kyle G. Volk David Aronofsky
Bureau of Investigation, Surveillance, Intelligence, Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Espionage, FBI
University of Montana
Military History | United States History
This thesis looks to analyze and understand how U.S. government officials created the first domestic intelligence agency in the United States: the Bureau of Investigation (BOI). In so doing, this paper examines how intelligence collection functioned within the U.S. prior to the creation of the BOI, what domestic and international concerns prompted the creation of a centralized institution like the BOI, and how the press, congressmen, and public opinion constrained the creation and early years of the BOI. This paper argues that from its onset, the Bureau of Investigation dedicated significant time and resources to surveilling American citizens for threats both internal and external.
Schuman-Kline, William, "“THE LONG ARM OF THE DREADED B.I.”: THE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION AND THE ORIGINS OF THE FEDERAL SURVEILLANCE STATE" (2022). Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers. 12040.
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