Year of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Campus Access Only

Degree Type

Master of Interdisciplinary Studies (MIS)

Degree Name

Interdisciplinary Studies

Other Degree Name/Area of Focus

Statistics, Criminology

Department or School/College

Interdisciplinary Studies Program

Committee Chair

Dusten Hollist

Commitee Members

David Patterson, Daniel Doyle, Rodney Brod


Native American, Protective Factors, Substance Use, Youth


University of Montana


Using the 2004 Montana State Needs Assessment Prevention Youth Survey data, a cross-sectional sample of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade Montana Native American public school children (n=1611), this study examines hypotheses pertaining to the ability and influence of measures drawn from social bonding, social learning, and social disorganization theories to account for variations in self-reported lifetime and thirty day use of alcohol, marijuana, and illicit drugs of Native American youth residing on and off reservations. The results derived from ordinary least squares regression equations show significant predictability for family, peer, and community variables and the results for the independent sample t-test show significant differences in the influence of the theoretical indicators between the on and off reservation sub-samples. The results suggest there are multiple influences of protective factors on self-reported use of alcohol, marijuana, and illicit drugs and these differ for Native American adolescents who reside on and off reservations. Contributions to the literature along with suggestions for future research are discussed.

This record is only available
to users affiliated with
the University of Montana.

Request Access



© Copyright 2008 Aislinn R. Rioux