Year of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Campus Access Only

Degree Type

Master of Arts (MA)

Degree Name


Department or School/College

Department of Economics

Committee Chair

Ranjan Shrestha

Commitee Members

Dan Spencer, Jeff Bookwalter


cash transfers, Mexico, migration, Oportunidades, Procampo, Progresa


University of Montana


This study evaluates the impact of two cash transfer programs implemented by the Mexican government, Procampo and Progresa, on short-term migration (migration for a period of less than 12 months). Using the 2002 Mexican Family Life Survey, a logit model is used to estimate the effect of these cash transfer programs on household migration decisions. The empirical results suggest that Procampo income is associated with higher migration, while there is no relationship between Progresa and migration decisions of household. After accounting for community fixed effects, the coefficient capturing the relationship between Procampo and migration loses significance. These results suggest that Procampo and/or Progresa cash transfers do not affect the short-term migration rate of Mexican households which is consistent with findings in the literature.

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