Year of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Forest and Conservation Science
Department or School/College
College of Forestry and Conservation
John M. Goodburn
Michael Patterson, Rodney L. Brod
Blackfeet Whitebark pine, Clark's Nutcracker, culturally modified tree, ecological restoration, fire, keystone, Native People
University of Montana
Whitebark pine (WBP) is a keystone species on the brink of extinction, threatened by fire suppression, white pine blister rust, along with mountain pine beetle infestation and climate change. The Blackfoot Confederacy from the Northern Rockies region, as part of their traditional practices and Worldview, has long gathered the nutrient-rich seeds and cambium of whitebark pine as part of their subsistence. This paper demonstrates how the perspectives, indigenous intelligence and worldview of members of the Blackfoot Confederacy could inform and supplement western science and increase the probability of success in restoration efforts whitebark pine forest ecosystems. With Blackfoot Confederacy acculturation and cultural assimilation, their oral history of traditional practices have faded, and the wealth of traditional practices and indigenous intelligence about their natural world could fade away without it ever being adequately documented. Further efforts are necessary to identify and retrieve indigenous intelligence to provide better ecological understanding of whitebark pine forest ecosystems, to give greater acknowledgement of Indigenous ways of knowing, and to preserve the Blackfoot Confederacy and their cultural identity and integrity.
Augare-Estey, Kodi Jae, "Whitebarkpine Forest Restoration: Cultural Perspectives from Blackfoot Confederacy Members" (2011). Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers. 4181.
© Copyright 2011 Kodi Jae Augare-Estey