Year of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Sociology (Criminology Option)
Department or School/College
Department of Sociology
Dusten R. Hollist
James W. Burfeind, Bart J. Klika
juvenile, delinquency, recidivism, detention, risk, first-time offenders
University of Montana
Criminology | Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance | Sociology
The purpose of this study is to identify the effect detention has on recidivism risk as well as to identify the degree to which the effect of detention on recidivism is influenced by other variables. The data for this analysis were collected by probation officers across Montana, using the Back on Track risk assessment instrument (N=840). Although detention was the topic of interest, this analysis also tested aspects of three popular criminological theories: social bond theory, self-control theory, and life-course persistent theory. Using logistic regression, the effects of detention and a variety of other risk factors are identified. Hypothesis one was not supported, detention alone did not significantly influence recidivism. Hypothesis two was supported, detention became significant and strongly influenced recidivism when examined in combination with other factors. Variables from self-control theory and those representing life-course persistence were supported although social bond theory was not. Findings from this study have the potential to inform policy makers and practitioners. Suggestions are made for future research.
Acton, Daniel N. 2015. "The Impact of Detention on Juvenile Recidivism in Montana: Is the Impact of Detention Influenced by Other Factors?" MA thesis, Department of Sociology, University of Montana, Missoula.
© Copyright 2015 Daniel N. Acton