Year of Award


Document Type

Professional Paper - Campus Access Only

Degree Type

Master of Arts (MA)

Department or School/College

School of Journalism

Committee Chair

Clemens P. Work

Commitee Members

Dennis L. Swibold, Terry Weidner


Bhutan, democracy, Kuensel, media, newspaper


University of Montana


Until 25 years ago, no newspaper was published in the tiny Himalayan country of Bhutan, located between two giants, China in the north and India in the west, south and east. Kuensel, commonly dubbed Bhutan's national newspaper, was first started as a government-owned paper in 1986, publishing both in English and Dzongha, the national language. In 1992, the royal decree guaranteed Kuensel an autonomous status although the government continued to subsidize it. In 1999, Kuensel became a fully independent weekly newspaper, and was then transformed to a bi-weekly in 2005

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