Eva Cross Interview, November 6, 1993


Eva Cross


Patricia E. O'Connell



Download Audio Interview (121.9 MB)

Download Transcript of Eva Cross Interview, November 6, 1993 (479 KB)


Eva Cross discusses her personal and family history including how her family came moved to Red Lodge, Montana, in the late 1800s. She tells stories about her childhood and how often she moved around the country when after she was married. Cross describes her father’s journey from Missouri to Red Lodge in 1883, where he established a homestead and started several businesses, including a newspaper, ice harvesting and delivery and a cafe. She talks about her sisters and their marriages. Cross recalls the schoolhouse in Red Lodge, some of the first families who settled there, the coal mining industry in Red Lodge and Bearcreek, and the role of the railroad in the founding of Red Lodge. She recalls how the creation of the Rural Electrification Administration and arrival of electricity upended the coal mining industry in the area. Cross also details the many times that she and her husband moved around the country including Oregon, California, and Florida. She talks about the jobs they found, such as working for Douglas Aircraft during World War Two, and the businesses they started including an ice cream parlor and chinchilla breeding facility.


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Document Type

Oral History


World War, 1939-1945; Ranching, Montana; Homesteading, Montana; Ice business; Chinchillas; Red Lodge, Montana; Ice cream shop; Coal mining industry, Montana; Liver-Eating Johnson; Dry Creek, Montana; Bearcreek, Montana; War rationing; Immigrant population, Red Lodge, Montana

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Eva Cross Oral History Project, OH 299, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 / library.archives@umontana.edu

Oral History Number

OH 299-001

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (90 min.) analog + 1 transcript (34 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:39:02 minutes

Local Filename

OH_299_001.mp3; OH_299_001.pdf

Eva Cross Interview, November 6, 1993