Arthur Deschamps, Jr. Interview, November 20, 1979


Arthur Deschamps Jr.


Susan J. Buchel



Download Audio Interview (121.2 MB)

Download Transcript of Arthur Deschamps, Jr. Interview (284 KB)


Arthur Deschamps, Jr. discusses the seizure of Italian immigrants and their relocation to Fort Missoula in Missoula, Montana, under the Immigration Naturalization Service during World War Two. He describes how the immigrants in Fort Missoula came to work in agriculture, the support from the Immigration Service and the U.S. Department of Justice, and the tension between the American Crystal Sugar Company and the Northern Pacific Railroad Company over labor. Deschamps discusses his experiences with Japanese-Americans relocated to Fort Missoula, and the tension and conflict they faced with members of the Missoula, Montana community. He describes the Mexican nationals program [Bracero Program], and the problems people working in the agriculture industry faced during World War Two. Deschamps also discusses how religion was practiced at Fort Missoula and how the laborers were fed and housed.

Document Type

Oral History


Fort Missoula; Missoula, Montana; Immigration Naturalization Service; World War, 1939-1945; Relocation centers; American Crystal Sugar Company; Northern Pacific Railroad; War Relocation Offices; Japanese internment camps; Agriculture Mexican nationals program; Bracero Program

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

World War Two Detainees at Fort Missoula Oral History Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana-Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 067-001, 002

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

2 sound cassettes (02:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (20 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:39:12 minutes

Local Filename

OH_067_001_002.mp3; OH_067_001_002.pdf

Arthur Deschamps, Jr. Interview, November 20, 1979