Virginia L. DeLand Interview, July 27, 2020


Virginia L. DeLand


Clara McRae



Download Audio Interview (68.2 MB)

Download Transcript of Virginia DeLand interview (291 KB)


Virginia DeLand discusses her involvement in the Missoula environmental movement of the 1960s and 1970s. She describes her activities as a member of Gals Against Smog and Pollution (GASP), including her efforts to lead a sustained effort to reduce air pollution emanating from the Hoerner-Waldorf pulp mill in Frenchtown, Montana. DeLand also talks about the role of gender and class in environmental politics and the strategies that GASP used.


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Document Type

Oral History


Subjects: Environmentalism -- West (U.S.); Environmentalism – Montana; Environmental protection -- West (U.S.) -- Citizen participation; Environmental policy; Environmental policy -- Montana -- Missoula County; Nature -- Effect of human beings on – History; Land use – Montana; Wood-pulp industry -- Montana -- Missoula County; Kraft paper industry -- Montana -- Missoula County; Air – Pollution; Air quality -- Montana – Missoula; Water – Pollution; Water quality -- Montana – Missoula; Sex roles; Gender politics; Montana. Legislature; Legislation – Montana; Land use – Montana; Local government—Montana; Political participation—Montana; Earth Day; Environmental quality; Environmentalists -- Montana -- Missoula County -- Societies, etc; Missoula (Mont.) -- Environmental conditions; Missoula County (Mont.) -- Environmental conditions

Personal Names: Virginia L. DeLand

Corporate Names: Hoerner-Waldorf Corporation (Mont.); Gals Against Smog and Pollution (Missoula, Mont.)

Geographical Names: Frenchtown (Mont.); Missoula (Mont.); Montana--Politics and government--20th century

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

GASP and the History of Missoula’s Environmental Movement Oral History Project, OH 478

Holding Institution

University of Montana. Mansfield Library. Archives and Special Collections

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Holder

Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections at the University of Montana, Mansfield Library.

Oral History Number

OH 476-006

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 MP3 file (00:49:38): digital + 1 transcript (12 pp.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:49:38 minutes

Local Filename

OH_476_006.mp3; OH_476_006.pdf

Virginia L. DeLand Interview, July 27, 2020