Procedia Earth and Planetary Science
The Ngam and Mou Rivers belong to the river system of the central part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line. The Ngam River watershed comprises 51 Ma old basalts, while the Mou River watershed comprises younger, < 5 Ma pyroclastic basalts. The physico-chemical characteristics of water samples from both watersheds indicated pH between 4.2 and 8.2, and 4.2 to 7.5, and very low mineralization between 11 and 246 μS/cm and 45 to 165 μS/cm, respectively, for the Ngam River and the Mou River. Chemical data showed that waters from old, highly weathered plateau basalts (Ngam River watershed) were dominated by calcium and sodium (signatures of feldpars from syenites and orthogneisses), while waters in the Mou River watershed were dominated by magnesium (signature of olivines and pyroxenes from basalts). Mineralizations in the two watersheds are thus primarily controlled by lithology rather than anthropic activities. These results are promising for identifying potential potable water resources in these areas.
geochemistry, river chemistry, watershed chemistry
© 2013 The Authors
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Kemayou Tchamako, E., Tsinkou Fotsing, R.V., Tchouankoue, J.P., Ndam Ngoupayou, J.R., Ngounou Ngatcha, B., Hinman, N.W. (2013) Influences of Lithology on Water Quality: A Study of the Ngam and Mou Watersheds in West Cameroon (Central Africa). 14th International Conference on Water-Rock Interaction, Avignon, France, 2013. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 7, 405-408.