Kristina Fallan Interview, April 12, 1977


Kristina Fallan


Kathryn P. "Kathy" White



Download Audio Interview (78.1 MB)

Download Transcript of Kristina Fallan Interview (385 KB)


Kristina Fallan describes growing up on the coast of Norway, where she helped run the family farm before she immigrated to Montana in 1910 when she was only 16. She reminisces about sailing to America by herself, working on her sister’s ranch, going back to school to learn English, and filing for a homestead after becoming an American citizen. Fallan talks about life on the homestead and cooking for sheep shearers in Livingston, Montana, to earn extra money. She compares the male-dominated sheep shearing industry in the United States and, particularly, Montana, to the mostly female-dominated industry in Norway. She briefly describes meeting her husband and the complications she had birthing her two children. Fallan concludes by noting she wanted to better prepare her daughter for marriage and sex than her mother did with her.


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Document Type

Oral History


Lutheranism; Homesteading; Ranching; Livingston, Montana; Gender roles; Fallan, Kristina, 1890-1987 – Interviews; Norwegian Americans -- Montana – Biography; Norwegian Americans -- Montana – Interviews; Women -- Montana -- Social conditions -- History -- 20th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Montana -- Personal narratives; Women pioneers -- Montana – Interviews; Immigrants -- Montana – Interviews; Sheep-shearing -- United States – History; Sheep-shearing -- Norway – History; Women -- Montana -- Economic conditions -- History -- 20th century; Childbirth -- Montana -- History -- 20th century

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Montana Women's Oral History Project, OH 049, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 049-012

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (01:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (33 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:00:05 minutes

Local Filename

OH_049_012.mp3; OH_049_012.pdf

Kristina Fallan Interview, April 12, 1977