Juanita Officer Interview, April 1977


Juanita Officer


Kathryn P. "Kathy" White



Download Audio Interview (64.3 MB)

Download Transcript of Juanita Officer Interview (653 KB)


Juanita Officer describes her father’s employment with the railroad which brought him to Bozeman, Montana in 1883. She talks about how her mother met him in Montana later, traveling on her own with two babies. Officer discusses growing up on the family homestead, the emphasis placed on musical education during her childhood, and her experiences working as a teacher. She talks about her marriage, her views on family planning, her volunteer work as a midwife in her community, and the birth of her own children. Officer recalls balancing ranch work on the ranch with her household duties, various trends in women’s fashion, a house fire, and the odd jobs she worked after selling the ranch.

Juanita’s sister, Florence Cowan, contributes occasionally during the interview.


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Document Type

Oral History


Bozeman, Montana; Railroad, Montana; Officer, Juanita – Interviews; Women -- Montana – Interviews; Women -- Montana -- Social conditions – History; Women teachers -- Montana – Interviews; Married women -- Employment -- Social aspects -- Montana -- 20th century; Sisters -- Montana – Interviews; Midwives -- Montana – Interviews; Family planning -- Montana -- History -- 20th century; Rural youth -- Montana -- Social conditions – History; Ranch life -- Montana -- Park County -- 20th century -- Personal narratives; Marriage -- Montana -- Park County; Park County (Mont.) -- History -- 19th century; Park County (Mont.) -- History -- 20th century; Cowan, Florence; Duck Creek School (Sweet Grass County, Mont.); Brackett Creek School (Park County, Mont.); Shields School (Park County, Mont.)

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Montana Women's Oral History Project, OH 049, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 / library.archives@umontana.edu

Oral History Number

OH 049-067

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (01:30:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (25 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:50:17 minutes

Local Filename

OH_049_067.mp3; OH_049_067.pdf

Juanita Officer Interview, April 1977