Gus Kroll Interview, circa 1965


Gus Kroll


Ernest Kraft



Download Audio Interview (68.6 MB)

Download Transcript of Gus Kroll Interview (259 KB)


Gus Kroll talks about moving to Montana from Texas and homesteading near Moiese. He describes working on the National Bison Range for director Andrew Hodges. Kroll recalls the communities Dixon and Moiese, Montana, prior to the 1940s, and his efforts to help the townspeople build schools and other buildings. He talks about his dislike of Frank Rose, who replaced Andrew Hodges as director of the Range in the 1920s. Kroll briefly describes the horses they used on the Range, the management of the fences and herds, building roads, and Hodges’ philosophy that the Range should be maintained like a park.

Document Type

Oral History


National Bison Range; Moiese, Montana; Dixon, Montana; Range management; Homesteaders, Montana; Andrew Hodges; Frank H. Rose; Buffalo herds; Bison herds; National Bison Range management; Livestock management

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

National Bison Range Oral History Project, OH 149, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 149-001

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 reel-to-reel: analog + 1 transcript (25 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:59:49 minutes

Local Filename

OH_149_001.mp3; OH_149_001.pdf

Gus Kroll Interview, circa 1965