A Global System for Monitoring Ecosystem Service Change
Earth's life-support systems are in flux, yet no centralized system to monitor and report these changes exists. Recognizing this, 77 nations agreed to establish the Group on Earth Observations (GEO). The GEO Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) integrates existing data streams into one platform in order to provide a more complete picture of Earth's biological and social systems. We present a conceptual framework envisioned by the GEO BON Ecosystem Services Working Group, designed to integrate national statistics, numerical models, remote sensing, and in situ measurements to regularly track changes in ecosystem services across the globe. This information will serve diverse applications, including stimulating new research and providing the basis for assessments. Although many ecosystem services are not currently measured, others are ripe for reporting. We propose a framework that will continue to grow and inspire more complete observation and assessments of our planet's life-support systems.
biodiversity, GEO BON, global change, sustainability, trade-offs
© 2012 American Institute of Biological Sciences
Tallis, H., Mooney H. A., Andelman S., Balvanera P., Cramer W., Karp D., Polasky S., Reyers B., Ricketts T., Running S. W., Thonicke K., Tietjen B., and Walz A. (2012). A Global System for Monitoring Ecosystem Service Change. BioScience, 62(11), 977-986, https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.11.7