Document Type



University of Montana Rural Institute

Publication Date



Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Public Health


This document reports on research conducted by the University of Montana and the University of Kansas for the Office of Disability and Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The research project, conducted between August 1,1997 and July 31, 2001, was conducted in four separate but related studies. The research was conducted in eight States. We contracted with nine centers for independent living (CIL) to conduct 34 Living Well with a Disability health promotion workshops and to collect outcome measures. These programs included 246 individuals. In the first study, we evaluated the effectiveness and cost outcomes of the Living Well with a Disability health promotion program for adults with mobility impairments. The results of this study, conducted over 18 months, indicated participants= activity limitation due to secondary conditions was substantially reduced. Responding to items from the BRFSS Quality of Life module, individuals reported gaining more than a full day without physical and mental symptoms following the program.


health and wellness, health promotion, mobility impariment, Living Well, independent living, secondary conditions, rural, disability


© 2003 RTC:Rural.

Granting Agency

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research


The authors would like to express our gratitude to the participating Centers for Independent Living and the people they serve, without whom this research would not have been possible. ARCIL, Inc. Austin, Texas Dayle McIntosh Center for the Disabled Anaheim, California Finger Lakes Independence Center Ithaca, New York Granite State Independent Living Foundation Concord, New Hampshire Independent Living Center of Mid-MO Columbia, Missouri LINK, Inc. Hays, Kansas Living Independence for Everyone of Central Mississippi Jackson, Mississippi North Central Independent Living Services, Inc. Black Eagle, Montana Southwest Center for Independent Living Springfield, Missouri. Our thanks is also extended to the two organizations which provided valuable assistance in reviewing the CIL applicants for the study: Association of Programs for Rural Independent Living (APRIL) National Council on Independent Living (NCIL) This report was published with partial support from grant no. U59/CCU821224-01 from the Centers for Disease Control and grant no. H133B030501 from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. The opinions expressed reflect those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the funding agencies.

Project Number

U59/CCU821224-01; HIDRR: H133B030501