Graduation Year


Graduation Month


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science – Health and Human Performance

School or Department

Health and Human Performance


Health and Human Performance

Faculty Mentor Department

Health and Human Performance

Faculty Mentor

Holly Riley


Exercise, Training, pre-exhaust, electromyography, literature review

Subject Categories

Sports Sciences


This review is an examination of pre-exhaust electromyography studies, their cumulative results, and a discussion of specific shortcomings they exhibit. It concludes with a discussion on improvements future studies in the field can incorporate. Specifically, this review addresses the lack of understanding in regards to the current primary uses of PE (pre-exhaust), and EMG’s (electromyography) drawbacks when used to measure PE effectiveness. Current practices of PE focus on advanced weight training athletes attempting to improve the stimulus to fatigue ratio of their lifting sessions, and reduce their risk of injury. Research thus far has mainly focused on cross sectional studies measuring acute electrical muscular activity. The majority of these scholars found PE to not affect EMG amplitude, with the exception of two studies who did find statistically significant changes in their target muscles. The methodology of these studies is contradicted by practitioners in the field using PE, because the use of EMG is effective for acute studies, but not for longitudinal examinations. This review suggests future studies take a longitudinal approach, monitoring PE for improvements in fatigue accumulation, muscle mass and strength markers compared to control groups. By examining previous research and implementing these method changes in future work, the exercise science community can yield applicable, long term research that accurately assesses the effectiveness of PE.

Honors College Research Project


GLI Capstone Project




© Copyright 2022 Zephaniah S. Pratt