This collection includes two interviews detailing the history of settling Rosebud County, Montana, and the surrounding southeastern land in Montana in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The interviews were conducted circa 1963 by an unidentified male speaker who may be a descendant of the McIntosh family discussed during the interview. Kamhoot describes cattle ranching and mining in eastern Montana from the 1880s to the early 1900s. He provides biographical data on the McIntosh’s, an early pioneer family in Rosebud County, Montana, and talks about the Custer Freight Road, which ran from Fort Keogh to Fort Custer. The original interviews are held as Oral History collection OH 014 at Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula.
This collection includes 2 interviews.
William “Bill” Kamhoot describes the lineage and history of the McIntosh’s, one of the first pioneering families in Rosebud County, Montana. Kamhoot recalls the early boundaries of the southeastern Montana counties, and mentions his early career as a musician who played for politicians. He reminisces about early automobiles and the troubles associated with traveling in them and his experiences traveling across the counties playing music. Kamhoot describes the life of a rancher and stockman in Rosebud County, Montana, during the turn of the 20th century. He shares his experiences caring for Shorthorn and Hereford cattle, including herding, dehorning, and shipping them. Kamhoot discusses “issue day” and how a government agent would dole out meat rations to the ranchers and Native Americans who worked for the government. He describes his experiences living in the southeastern part of the state and next to a river and the mining camps near Gilt Edge, Montana. Kamhoot talks about the big ranches in Montana in the late 1800s and early 1900s including the N Bar, the L 7, Two Bar, and the 7 UK. He discusses mining and gold mining in the Judith Mountains (formerly known as Moccasin Mountains) and the cyanide leeching process.
William “Bill” Kamhoot describes the Custer Freight Road which ran from Fort Keogh to Fort Custer. He tells how the road’s construction started in 1878 at the same time the first telegraph line was being built. Kamhoot recalls how the United States Cavalry was often stationed at Merritt Camp in Lame Deer, Montana, or the Tongue River Agency. He also mentions other stations or movements of the Cavalry. Kamhoot briefly describes interactions between the white homesteaders, specifically the Alderson family after whom the Alderson Gulch is named, and the Crow tribe. He concludes by discussing more McIntosh family history.