Graduation Year

2017

Graduation Month

May

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

School or Department

Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures

Major

Russian

Faculty Mentor

Clint Walker

Faculty Mentor Department

Modern and Classical Languages

Keywords

Sinclair Lewis, Yurii Olesha, satire, comparison, 1920s, Russia and America

Subject Categories

Arts and Humanities | Comparative Literature | English Language and Literature | Literature in English, North America | Modern Languages | Other Languages, Societies, and Cultures | Rhetoric and Composition

Abstract

This paper proposes a cross-cultural examination of the societal satire of the countries of America and Soviet Russia by way of comparison of two satiric novels. Sinclair Lewis’s Babbitt satirizes the business values of capitalist America and the materialism perceived in an economic system based on the mass production and mass consumption of goods. Yurii Olesha’s Envy uses Babbitt in intertextual conversation to perform a similar critique of the Soviet Russian society and values of the same time period. Satiric theory provides a framework for understanding and relaying how each novel performs its parody of the respective society, while historical and sociological information concerning the development of the two nations in the time of these novels contextualizes the satires in their respective societal environments. The ultimate outcome of this intertextual and cross-cultural comparison is an understanding of what issues each culture considers worrisome in its socioeconomic climate, as well as an understanding of how social critique is performed in both nations through the similarities and differences of each author’s satirical techniques related to satire. The sociological framework in which these works are contextualized also demonstrates the ongoing relevance of the concerns of each author to their respective nations today and the importance of continued societal critique as a way to bring to the attention of the general populace recurring trends, both governmental and economical.

Honors College Research Project

Yes

 

© Copyright 2017 Mariah Johnson