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The history of American archaeology has been traced back at least to Thomas Jefferson. (Jefferson, 1784). Salvage archaeology, on the other hand, is mostly traceable to post depression years, and particularly to post World War II times when Americans awakened with some appreciation for prehistoric remains, and that they were rapidly disappearing through "progress" through vast construction projects, changes in mechanizing farming and ranching, industry, travel, and even through sheer losses from vandalism. This was just a step toward what has been variously called: "Public Archaeology," "Emergency Archaeology," "Rescue Archaeology," "Mitigation Archaeology," "Cultural Resources Management," and a number of other titles. This paper deals with a portion of the history of American archaeology known as "Salvage Archaeology," and emphasizes its impact on the history of the archaeology of Montana.

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Excavations (Archaeology); Montana -- Antiquities

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University of Montana (Missoula, Mont. : 1965-1994). Department of Anthropology

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University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library. Archives and Special Collections

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Copyright to this publication is held by the University of Montana, Missoula. For more information, please contact Archives and Special Collections at the University of Montana, Mansfield Library.

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University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library

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Anthropology Papers, No. 2: Salvage Archaeology and Its Application in Montana