Golda Lewis Penner Langley Interview, circa 1978


Golda Langley


May Vallance



Download Audio Interview (20.2 MB)

Download Transcript of Golda Langley Interview (185 KB)


Golda Langley discusses her career as a school teacher in rural Montana during the early to mid-20th century. She recalls her students for each year that she taught at different schools throughout Montana. She talks about the “school bus” that a community member built—a little building on sleigh runners with a stove in it—to convey the children to school. Langley talks about the hot lunch program that she and the parents set up as well as the school programs for different events such as Christmas. She remembers an earthquake that shook the Beavertail School. She also talks about her husband’s childhood, attending schools around Montana, often the same ones where she later taught.


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Document Type

Oral History


Hamilton, Montana; Bitterroot Valley, Montana; Victor, Montana; Beavertail School; Grantsdale School; Education, Montana; Schoolhouses, rural; Overwich School; Ravalli County; One-room schoolhouses; School teachers

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Bitterroot Historical Society Oral History Project, OH 120, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 120-011f

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (60 min.) analog + 1 transcript (4 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:15:18 minutes

Local Filename

OH_120_011_f.mp3; OH_120_011_f.pdf

Golda Lewis Penner Langley Interview, circa 1978