John F.


Orlan J. Svingen



Download Audio Interview (117.0 MB)

Download Transcript of John Leary and Onnie Hamma Interview (487 KB)


Onnie Hamma recalls growing up in Milltown, Montana, as a first-generation immigrant from Finland. He describes working in the boxing plant for the Anaconda Copper Mining Company [ACM] before he went into the service during World War Two. Hamma and John “Jack” Leary discuss various aspects of the ACM, including wages, the strike of 1946, and the evolution of mining in the late ‘50s, with the construction of the Berkeley Pit in Butte, Montana. Hamma also explains immigrant culture from mainly Scandinavian countries in Milltown and Bonner. Both Leary and Hamma describe the changes in log and lumber transportation during the 1950s and ‘60s from railroad transportation to trucking.


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Document Type

Oral History


Anaconda Company; Anaconda Copper Mining Company [ACM]; Champion International Corporation; Butte, Montana; Milltown, Montana; Bonner, Montana; Atlantic Richfield Company [ARCO]; Box plant; Molding plant; World War, 1939-1945; War industry; Berkeley Pit; Butte mining; Deep mines; Western Lumber Company; Immigration, Montana; Canadian immigrants, Montana; Scandinavian immigrants, Montana; Lumber industry, wages; Labor strikes; Labor unions; Logging; Northern Pacific Railroad; Milwaukee Railroad; Art Koch

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Champion International Corporation Centennial Oral History Project, OH 119, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 119-004b, 005

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

2 sound cassettes (60 min. each): analog + 1 transcript (41 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:31:46 minutes

Local Filename

OH_119_004b_005.mp3; OH_119_004b_005.pdf

John F.