Francis Bardanouve Interview, April 30, 1983


Francis Bardanouve


Steve Waldron



Download Audio Interview (132.0 MB)

Download Transcript of Francis Bardanouve Interview, April 30, 1983 (411 KB)


Francis Bardanouve recounts growing up during the Great Depression in the 1930s on his family’s farm in Montana. He recounts how his family lost the farm, his relationship with his mother and father, and his parents’ separation. He describes breaking horses, a skill that he learned from his father. Bardanouve discusses being born with a cleft palate and his subsequent shyness in school, as well as his reconstructive surgery as an adult. He talks about meeting his wife, Venus, when she was researching Montana tribal nations. Bardanouve discusses his personal philosophy about the necessity of the arts and the environment to human beings. He recounts clashing with Governor Donald Nutter in the early 1960s over funding for the Historical Society Museum, and discusses his work on the Institutions Subcommittee, which he chaired in 1965. Bardanouve recalls his extensive work on Montana’s finances, his friendships with Native American constituents, his work on behalf of religious liberties for Hutterites, his opinions on religious liberties for all, and his philosophy about the role of government in a society.


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Document Type

Oral History


Giant’s Springs; Great Falls, Montana; Clayton Zander; Harlem, Montana; Depression, 1929-1939; Montana farming; Montana ranching; Horse breaking; Cleft palate; Donald Nutter; Montana Historical Society Museum; Religious rights; Religious freedom; Hutterites; Hutterite Bill of 1961; Arts education; Environmental protections; Montana state finances

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Francis Bardanouve Oral History Project, OH 113, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 113-003, 004

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

2 sound cassettes (02:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (25 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:43:40 minutes

Local Filename

OH_113_003_004.mp3; OH_113_003_004.pdf

Francis Bardanouve Interview, April 30, 1983