Martha L. “Marty” Onishuk Interview, July 27, 2020


Martha L. Onishuk


Clara McRae



Download Audio Interview (13.7 MB)

Download Transcript of Marty Onishuk interview (275 KB)


Marty Onishuk discusses her involvement in the Missoula environmental movement of the 1960s and 1970s as an active member of Gals Against Smog and Pollution (GASP). She talks about helping to lead a sustained effort to reduce air pollution emanating from the Hoerner-Waldorf pulp mill in Frenchtown, Montana. Onishuk discusses the role of gender and class in environmental politics and the importance of scientific research and data to GASP’s campaigns.


Media is loading

Document Type

Oral History


Subjects: Environmentalism -- West (U.S.); Environmentalism – Montana; Environmental protection -- West (U.S.) -- Citizen participation; Environmental policy; Environmental policy -- Montana -- Missoula County; Nature -- Effect of human beings on – History; Land use – Montana; Wood-pulp industry -- Montana -- Missoula County; Kraft paper industry -- Montana -- Missoula County; Air – Pollution; Air quality -- Montana – Missoula; Water – Pollution; Water quality -- Montana – Missoula; Sex roles; Gender politics; Montana. Legislature; Legislation – Montana; Land use – Montana; Local government—Montana; Political participation—Montana; Environmental quality; Environmentalists -- Montana -- Missoula County -- Societies, etc; Missoula (Mont.) -- Environmental conditions; Missoula County (Mont.) -- Environmental conditionsPersonal Names: Martha Lowe Onishuk, 1935-Corporate Names: Hoerner-Waldorf Corporation (Mont.); Gals Against Smog and Pollution (Missoula, Mont.)Geographical Names: Frenchtown (Mont.); Missoula (Mont.); Montana--Politics and government--20th centuryOccupations: Science teachers -- Montana

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

GASP and the History of Missoula’s Environmental Movement Oral History Project, OH 476

Holding Institution

University of Montana. Mansfield Library. Archives and Special Collections

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library

Rights Statement

In Copyright

Rights Holder

Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections at the University of Montana, Mansfield Library.

Oral History Number

OH 476-003

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 MP3 file (00:39:50): digital + 1 transcript (12 pp.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:39:50 minutes

Local Filename

OH_476_003.mp3; OH_476_003.pdf

Martha L. “Marty” Onishuk Interview, July 27, 2020