James Bell


James Bell Armstrong


Ina Tascher



Download Audio Interview (166.1 MB)

Download Tape Counter Index of James Armstrong Interview (5.2 MB)


James “J. B.” Armstrong recalls his father’s decision to drive cattle from Amarillo, Texas, to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma in 1892. He discusses the schooling available for both white and Native American children in the territory and more broadly discusses the relationship between settlers and Native Americans. Armstrong recalls the 1890s as a difficult time for his parents. He describes his parents’ conversion to the Christian Science religious movement and moving back to the Texas Panhandle in 1901. Armstrong then discusses moving to Montana in 1905, and living there for ten years before moving to Washington and Oregon. Armstrong further recalls life in Texas and tells a story about his parents’ marriage. He also discusses the relationship that many white settlers had with Native Americans, stating that without assistance from Native American tribes, life would have been very difficult for many settlers.

This audio has not been transcribed, but a tape counter index is available.


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Document Type

Oral History


Cowhands; Amarillo, Texas; Washington; Oregon; South Dakota; Mary Baker Eddy; Native American tribes, Oklahoma; Pioneers, Oklahoma; Indian Territory, 1892; Armstrong, James Bell, 1888-1971; Cowboys -- West (U.S.) – Interviews; Frontier and pioneer life -- Montana -- 20th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Indian Territory -- 19th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Texas -- 20th century; Whites -- Oklahoma -- Relations with Indians -- 19th century; Indian school children -- Indian Territory -- 19th century; Pioneer children -- Education -- Indian Territory -- 19th century ; Christian Scientists -- Indian Territory -- 19th century

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

James Bell “J. B.” Armstrong Oral History Project, OH 034, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 / library.archives@umontana.edu

Oral History Number

OH 034-001

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 reel-to-reel: analog + 1 tape counter index (8 p.: 28 cm)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

02:08:26 minutes

Local Filename

OH_034_001.mp3; OH_034_001_TCI.pdf

James Bell