James “J. B.” Armstrong recalls his father’s decision to drive cattle from Amarillo, Texas, to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma in 1892. He discusses the schooling available for both white and Native American children in the territory and more broadly discusses the relationship between settlers and Native Americans. Armstrong recalls the 1890s as a difficult time for his parents. He describes his parents’ conversion to the Christian Science religious movement and moving back to the Texas Panhandle in 1901. Armstrong then discusses moving to Montana in 1905, and living there for ten years before moving to Washington and Oregon. Armstrong further recalls life in Texas and tells a story about his parents’ marriage. He also discusses the relationship that many white settlers had with Native Americans, stating that without assistance from Native American tribes, life would have been very difficult for many settlers.
This audio has not been transcribed, but a tape counter index is available.
Cowhands; Amarillo, Texas; Washington; Oregon; South Dakota; Mary Baker Eddy; Native American tribes, Oklahoma; Pioneers, Oklahoma; Indian Territory, 1892; Armstrong, James Bell, 1888-1971; Cowboys -- West (U.S.) – Interviews; Frontier and pioneer life -- Montana -- 20th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Indian Territory -- 19th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Texas -- 20th century; Whites -- Oklahoma -- Relations with Indians -- 19th century; Indian school children -- Indian Territory -- 19th century; Pioneer children -- Education -- Indian Territory -- 19th century ; Christian Scientists -- Indian Territory -- 19th century
James Bell “J. B.” Armstrong Oral History Project, OH 034, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula
University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library
Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 / email@example.com
Oral History Number
1 reel-to-reel: analog + 1 tape counter index (8 p.: 28 cm)
Armstrong, James Bell, "James Bell "J. B." Armstrong Interview 1, 1957" (1957). James Bell “J. B.” Armstrong Oral History Project. 1.