James Bell


James Bell Armstrong


Ina Tascher



Download Audio Interview (166.2 MB)

Download Tape Counter Index of James Armstrong Interview (3.8 MB)


James “J. B.” Armstrong talks about hauling grain to Baker, South Dakota, in his truck, which he called “Tilly the toiler.” Armstrong remembers various storeowners and residents of Ekalaka, Montana. He discusses George Cleveland and his family who were part of a freight team. Armstrong talks about his friend John McNarey, who lost a leg to frostbite, and the blacksmith helped him make a prosthetic. He discusses the Carter County Geological Museum and recalls various people involved in its operation. Armstrong also talks about Joe Herman, a German immigrant who started the Mill Iron outfit. Armstrong talks about his daughters Fanny and Pearl, and he discusses the Lantis family who settled in the Long Pine Hills country in 1902.

This audio has not been transcribed, but a tape counter index is available.


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Document Type

Oral History


Cowhands; Pioneering; Montana; Trucking; Freighting; Blacksmithing; Immigration, Montana; German immigrants; Mill Iron outfit; Armstrong, James Bell, 1888-1971; Cowboys -- West (U.S.) – Interviews; Carter County (Mont.) -- History -- 20th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Montana -- Ekalaka -- 20th century; Frontier and pioneer life -- Montana -- Ekalaka -- 20th century; Long Pine Hills (Mont.); Mill Iron Ranch (Powder River, Mont.); Grain -- Transportation -- West (U.S.) -- History - 20th century; Ekalaka (Mont.) -- History -- 20th century; Baker (Mont.) -- History -- 20th century; Carter County Geological Society. Museum – History; Herman, Joe; Carter County Geological Museum (Carter County, Mont.); Cleveland, George; McNarey, John; Armstrong, Fanny; Armstrong, Pearl; Lantis, Moses

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

James Bell “J. B.” Armstrong Oral History Project, OH 034, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 / library.archives@umontana.edu

Oral History Number

OH 034-004

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 reel-to-reel: analog + 1 tape counter index (6 p.: 28 cm)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

02:08:45 minutes

Local Filename

OH_034_004.mp3; OH_034_004_TCI.pdf

James Bell