Mary Graves Welte Interview, February 19, 1981


Mary Welte


Jo Rainbolt



Download Audio Interview (77.9 MB)

Download Transcript of Mary Welte Interview (410 KB)


Mary Welte describes her experiences homesteading in Montana. She recalls moving with her family on an immigrant train from Illinois to Montana when she was eleven years old. Welte discusses her father’s musical ability and his insistence that each of his children learn to play an instrument. She talks about living on a wheat ranch south of Chinook, Montana, with her first husband and raising a family, and the difficulty of trying to ranch in a hail belt. She also describes, how after her first husband died, she held various jobs including working at a mortuary, running a gas station, and writing for a Texaco trade publication under the pen name Gasoline Annie. Welte talks about marrying her second husband and relocating to his wheat ranch outside of Havre for almost 20 years before moving to the Bitterroot Valley. She briefly discusses the different types of home remedies she and her mother used when their families were sick. Welte concludes by talking about playing guitar for the Golden Age senior citizens group in the Bitterroot Valley.


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Document Type

Oral History


Women pioneers, Montana; Frontier and pioneer life, Montana; Wheat ranches, Eastern Montana; Chinook, Montana; Havre, Montana; Bitterroot Valley, Montana; Musicians; Guitar players; Home remedies; Herbal remedies; Homesteaders, Montana; Texaco Corporation

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Montana Settlers and Homesteaders Oral History Project, OH 052, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 052-001

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (01:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (28 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:00:45 minutes

Local Filename

OH_052_001.mp3; OH_052_001.pdf

Mary Graves Welte Interview, February 19, 1981