Adolph Dale Interview, November 4, 1986


Adolph Dale


David Louter



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Adolph Dale recalls the first time he saw part of the Old North Trail as a boy in 1920, in the Teton Canyon of Montana. He explains how he became interested in learning about the indigenous peoples of Montana and the peopling of the Americas. He describes the archaeological traces left by early indigenous peoples, including teepee rings, burial sites, and buffalo jumps. He then talks about his work with Arthur Pearson to map the length of the Old North Trail, and explains the methods they used to locate its path. Dale explains that the trail is most visible on hillsides, where runoff water deepened the tracks, and that it can also be located by looking for rock cairns. He describes how he and Pearson filled in the gaps between visible sections by plotting the path of least resistance. Dale believes that he and Pearson were able to accurately map the trail's path.

Document Type

Oral History


Indian trails; Blackfeet tribe; Piegan Blackfeet; Teepee rings; Cairns; Indigenous burial sites; Plains Indians; Old North Trail, Montana; North-South Trail, Montana; Augusta, Montana; Choteau, Montana; Dog travois; Bering Land Bridge; Native American artifacts; Buffalo jumps; Piskuns; Archaeology; Prehistoric Peoples of North American

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Old North Trail Oral History Project, OH 167, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 167-001

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

1 sound cassette (01:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (14 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

00:46:07 minutes

Local Filename

OH_167_001.mp3; OH_167_001.pdf

Adolph Dale Interview, November 4, 1986