Robert Wolf Interview, April 18, 1989


Robert E. Wolf


David Jackson



Download Audio Interview (140.6 MB)

Download Transcript of Robert Wolf Interview, April 18, 1989 (370 KB)


Robert Wolf discusses the history of the Forest Service from 1900 to the 1980s. He describes the below-cost timber sales and Forest Service management goals, including justifications for deficit sales beginning with Giffort Pinchot in 1906 and continuing into the 1980s. He mentions other issues including Grimaud v. U.S. and grazing fees. Wolf also discusses conservation versus profit, definitions of profit, multiple use, and U.S. congressional activity. He focuses on subsidies, resource development and local and national inputs into Forest Service planning.


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Document Type

Oral History


Wolf, Robert, 1920-2005 – Interviews; David Jackson; United States. Bureau of Land Management; United States. Forest Service; Aztec Land and Cattle Company, Arizona; Land disputes, New Mexico; Public land, use; Railroad land ownership; National forest lands, federal jurisdiction; Interviews – Montana; Oral histories – Montana; Lumber trade -- United States; Forest management -- United States; Men -- Montana -- Interviews

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage

United States



Original Collection

Robert Wolf Interviews Oral History Project, OH 227, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 227-004, 005

Media Type

Sound; Text

Original Format

2 sound cassettes (02:00:00 min.) analog + 1 transcript (25 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format

audio/mp3; application/pdf

Run Time

01:44:15 minutes

Local Filename

OH_227_004_005.mp3; OH_227_004_005.pdf

Robert Wolf Interview, April 18, 1989