Document Type

Research Progress Report


University of Montana Rural Institute

Publication Date



Economics | Labor Economics | Social and Behavioral Sciences


Across America, rural communities are looking for vibrant and stable local economies that will allow them to preserve the best qualities of their rural life in the face of rapid and relentless global economic change. The impacts of economic decline in rural America over the last two decades have been worsened by multiplier effects. Lost income has led to lost purchasing power, which has led to business closures; population loss has followed, resulting in downsizing of schools and hospitals and ultimately, in disintegration of communities themselves (Magdoff 1993; The Futurist, 1989).


employment and vocational rehabilitation, economic development, worker cooperatives, rural, disability

Granting Agency

U.S. Department of Agriculture; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research


This work was supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Business-Cooperative Service Cooperative Agreement Number RBS-99-17, with additional support from The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research HB33. The Contents of this progress report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Agriculture, nor should readers assume endorsement by the federal government.

Project Number

DoA: RBS-99-17; NIDRR: HB33