Kenneth R. M. Short Interview, December 3, 1987


Kenneth R. M. Short Interview, December 3, 1987


Kenneth R. M. Short


Clover Koopman


Download Transcript of Kenneth R. M. Short Interview (757 KB)


Doctor Kenneth R. M. Short discusses U.S. radio propaganda during World War Two. He discusses the Office of War Information, which existed from 1942 to 1943 in the United States, which released propaganda aimed at U.S. citizens’ perception of World War Two and U.S. allies. He discusses the concept of “public opinion,” its manipulation, and radio’s impact due to the large number of listeners. Short assesses Tokyo Rose’s impact as minimal, while analyzing the less-visible effects of propaganda on listeners. He discusses why the Japanese used prisoners of war to distribute their propaganda, and contends that the U.S. could easily have jammed Tokyo Rose’s broadcasts. Short analyzes propagandists in the United States, and discusses the impact of the communist blacklist on Hollywood filmmaking.

The audio for this interview is missing.

Document Type

Oral History


World War, 1939-1945; Ryo, Namikawa; Schaeffer, George; RKO Pictures; Japanese Broadcasting Corporation; Office of War Information; Lasswell, Harold; Gallup; The Kate Smith Show; “The March of Time”; Axis Sally; Gillars, Mildred; Lord Haw Haw; Joyce, William; Thompson, Dorothy; Motion Picture Production Association; House Un-American Activities Committee

Original Date


Time Period

Twentieth century

Geographic Coverage




Original Collection

Veterans Remember "Tokyo Rose" Oral History Project, OH 238, Archives and Special Collections, Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula

Digital Publisher

University of Montana--Missoula. Mansfield Library


Copyright to this collection is held by the interview participants and by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana-Missoula. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections: (406) 243-2053 /

Oral History Number

OH 238-012

Media Type


Original Format

1 transcript (18 p.: 28 cm.)

Digital Format


Local Filename


Kenneth R. M. Short Interview, December 3, 1987