Franke Global Leadership Initiative (GLI) Oral Presentations
|Wednesday, April 17th|
Eating Insects: A Community Action Toolkit
UC North Ballroom
10:40 AM - 11:00 AM
The world's human population has risen exponentially over the last 100 years and is expected to reach nine billion by 2050. Ensuring food security and resource sustainability is of global concern. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization endorses insect farming as an alternative to cattle, pork, sheep, and poultry industries because of their higher food conversion rate. Insect farming requires less arable land, less water, and produces less greenhouse gases than traditional livestock. The practice of eating insects, known as entomophagy, is not a new idea as two billion people around the world include insects in their diets. Unfortunately, insects are not typically considered food in the United States, which means health and safety regulations for insect farming, distribution, and consumption are limited, if not nonexistent. There is a need for the redefinition of insects as a legitimate food in the United States through education, media, and policy. To address this need, we have compiled a toolkit for individuals to promote entomophagy in their own communities. The toolkit includes a resolution, food safety regulation templates, two recipe videos, one promotional video on entomophagy in Montana, two educational videos on environmental and nutritional benefits of eating insects, recipes, and a compilation of infographics. Our target audience is environmentally concerned citizens, as they are the most likely group in the country to be early adopters of entomophagy. Interested citizens can use our toolkit to learn about entomophagy, experiment with recipes, host their own insect tasting event, lobby their local governments to adopt a resolution about integrating entomophagy into their climate actions plans, or work with their local health and safety agencies to adopt regulations legitimizing insects as food. We are in final negotiations with the North American Coalition on Insect Agriculture to host our toolkit online in the public domain.
Border Walls in Montana: Immigration and Integration in Missoula
UC North Ballroom
11:00 AM - 11:20 AM
The global refugee crises and migration movements polarize domestic and international politics. Our research analyzes the meaning, history, current examples and comparative differences between assimilation and integration in Japan, America, Morocco and France. We examined various sources and conducted interviews with experts on migration and politics in addition to immigrants living in the Missoula community. Based on this research, we wished to explore and highlight further the difference between integration and assimilation. To share this research with the larger Missoula community, we will take and display photographs of local refugees, international students, and other immigrants in their daily lives and present the interviews we previously conducted at an art exhibit downtown during the First Friday celebration in April. Montana's geographical isolation fosters an isolationist mentality which can inhibit understanding the implications of immigration and refugee crises. Because daily experience with other cultures in Montana is relatively limited when compared with larger cities in the US, we hope to open the eyes of those who may not have ever come in contact with a person from a foreign country. We wish to provide our audience with visual images so they may draw their own conclusions through their individual interpretation. And we hope to foster positive discussion around what is today a contentious subject. By displaying photographs and presenting the interviews of immigrants here in Missoula, we hope to humanize their struggles, celebrate in their successes, and enhance the understanding of immigration in our community.
Effects of Climate Change on Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Public Health Implications in Western Montana
Ella B. Baumgarten, University of Montana, Missoula
UC North Ballroom
11:20 AM - 11:40 AM
As climate change progresses, vector-borne diseases will spatially spread to novel environmental niches. Among those vector-borne diseases is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), a tick-borne disease (TBD) that is caused by the bacteria Rickettsia Rickettsii. To predict the spread of RMSF, we modeled future climate scenarios using environmental variables from western Montana. Using this model, we have designed a protocol to enable and promote public awareness of vector-borne diseases. These interventional measures aim to anticipate and decrease disease prevalence through distribution of information about risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options. Our health promotion strategy encompasses two crucial aspects in outreach: first to reinforce healthcare providers and facilitators, and secondly to educate and enable the public to take initiative in regards to their health. Healthcare providers and facilitators will be reinforced through seminars we will design that discuss the interventional methods described above. Public outreach that promotes self-prevention of RMSF will include creating fliers, informational pieces such as articles on the possible spread of RMSF, and educational programs that target students in atrisk areas for RMSF. RMSF in Montana represents a microcosm of a greater climate-driven global threat to human health. This project has global implications because it provides a framework for predicting the spread of vector-borne diseases due to climate change in any country where this issue is applicable. This combined methodology tackles the imminent threat of vector-borne disease to humankind.
Bug Bites: Eating Insects on Purpose!
Ellie Gluhosky, The University of Montana
UC North Ballroom
11:40 AM - 12:00 PM
Entomophagy, the human consumption of bugs, is widely practiced around the world. The United States remains one of the few places where entomophagy is relatively unknown and unpracticed. This may be due to the fact that many Americans are taught that eating insects is not safe and even disgusting. However, several studies have shown that eating insects is not only safe, but is in many ways a more sustainable food source than other forms of animal protein and has the potential to play a role in preventing food security concerns. So why do Americans continue to be repulsed by the concept of eating bugs and how can we encourage the general public to embrace an entomophagous diet? To address this socially misconstrued concept, we developed entomophagy-based lesson plans to educate youth by exposing students to the concept of entomophagy, its benefits, and its world prevalence.
We first conducted a literature review and interviewed educational experts from UM's education program, the Missoula Insectarium, and the Natural History Center. With their help, we developed lesson plans for 3rd -5th graders, complete with pre- and post-tests to gauge students' attitudes toward entomophagy and determine lesson plan efficacy. After testing and editing, we will share the lesson plans with Missoula area educational programs that will give the plans a "home" and be put to use. Our group's end goal is to build upon the limited volume of entomophagy curricula while inspiring students to consider the environmental impact of their food sources.
Health and Wellness: Expanding Education for an Under-Addressed Issue
UC North Ballroom
1:40 PM - 2:00 PM
Research shows a fundamental lack of well-rounded education for adolescents in three key areas: healthy relationships, mental health, and nutrition and exercise. This problem exists on a global spectrum from noncomprehensive sex education to general misconceptions about mental health; insufficient wellness education is a problem that affects not only youth but entire countries and populations.
We have identified that the problem impacts two key local demographics: rural Montana school districts and homeschooling Montana families. There is a high number of very small, low income school districts in Montana. These school districts with limited funding often resort to having one teacher who instructs multiple subjects out of financial necessity. This can often lead to curriculums not being fully taught and important topics left unaddressed, most frequently in regards to wellness education. Additionally, Montana has a high number ofhomeschooled students, over 4500 in 2018, whose parents need information regarding wellness education for their children.
Our group has created an online resource guide to provide wellness information that is available to the public. We created this guide using resources that matched the best practices identified by current research in wellness education. It has two main sections: children and educators. The "children" section consists of fun educational resources, such as games, videos, and apps. The "educators" section contains teaching tools on wellness subjects catered to teachers, parents, and associated organizations. After meeting with wellness professionals and working with the Boys and Girls Club, we promoted this website on social media and reached out to Montana educators and homeschool organizations.
Educate, Empower, Change: Strategies for Overcoming Stigmas Surrounding Menstrual Health
UC North Ballroom
2:00 PM - 2:20 PM
Menstruation is often misrepresented, stigmatized, and ignored. A lack of education and distorted view of menstruation in society greatly impacts young menstruators as they begin to have periods and can have long-term negative effects on their physical, mental, and emotional well-being. In order to design a project that effectively addresses this global problem, we used the Human Centered Design method. This method involves three steps: inspiration, ideation, and implementation. During the inspiration phase, we conducted expert interviews with professionals in the field of menstrual health and completed a literature review in order to further our understanding of the issues facing menstrua tors and explore different possible solutions. On the basis of our findings, we developed a website and a social media campaign to educate, empower, and change attitudes towards menstruation. During the ideation stage, we worked with a consultant and applied strategies from different fields to develop (1) a website that included educational materials, podcasts, games, etc., and (2) a social media campaign that allowed us to reach our target audience efficiently and effectively. During the implementation phase, we conducted a survey, interviews, and focus group discussions with a sample of the target audience, our partner organizations, and menstrual health experts to obtain input for improving our website. In addition, we applied evidence-based strategies to launch a social media campaign. To evaluate our project we preformed the following: (1) assessed the outcomes by collecting quantitative data from our social media followings and website interactions and (2) assessed the impact by conducting a content analysis of shared stories and discussions through brand-based hashtags and social media posts. Our goal being to create a sustainable, wide-reaching social campaign that empowers girls to take control of their bodies, educate everyone, and break the cycle of silence through increasing and normalizing conversations surrounding menstruation.
Sully R. Magee, The University Of Montana
UC North Ballroom
2:20 PM - 2:40 PM
The goal of our capstone project is to encourage children to adopt hobbies that frequently encourage them to get outside. We will present a video contest in which children record a short video of themselves doing any outdoor activity they love. The goal is to encourage students to get outside and give them the opportunity to be creative, collaborate, and innovative. We want to promote the qualities of nature and its substantial benefits to mental health. In addition, encouraging students to participate will secure outdoor recreation and potentially lead to students discovering new hobbies. It will also give them the chance to share hobbies they love with their friends and family.
The video contest: "Go Out, Get Wild!" will open in January through Face book, Instagram, and Flipgrid, a website that allows contestants to upload short videos, following a specific criteria. In order for videos to be eligible in the contest the submission must be between 30 seconds and 90 seconds long, include the introduction "My name is __ , and this is how I go out and get wild!". Participants must be under the age of 18, and provide parental consent. The consent will provide us with the rights to publish the videos to social media, as well as present them at the University of Montana Conferance of Undergraduate Research.
Our purpose is to target the development of mental health disorders related to the disconnect between children and the outdoors. Encouraging kids to be outside in whatever "green space" they prefer, which does not occur under a roof nor is technology-focused, addresses these coping and habit forming mechanisms for mental health disorder mitigation.