Graduation Year


Graduation Month


Document Type

Thesis - Campus Access Only

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

School or Department

Modern and Classical Languages



Faculty Mentor Department

Modern and Classical Languages

Faculty Mentor

M. Ione Crummy

Faculty Reader(s)

M. Ione Crummy


French, Literature, Immoral, Women, Flaubert, Laclos

Subject Categories

French and Francophone Literature | Women's Studies


The portrayals of immoral women in Laclos’ Les Liaisons dangereuses and Flaubert’s Madame Bovary sparked social criticism in the society in which these two novels were published. Eighteen and Nineteenth-century society upheld strict social expectations for women that often made them feel trapped in a life without meaning if they chose to prescribe to those expected gender roles. Men, on the other hand, had more freedom and moral forgiveness than women. These two novels portray women as they struggle against the oppression of social conventions. The main female characters of these novels, the Marquise de Merteuil and Emma Bovary are representations of women who choose to reject social norms in search for new identities, freedom and happiness. These characters also act as examples of the consequences of such a rebellion against society.

Honors College Research Project




© Copyright 2016 Hannah R. Schultz