Year of Award

2015

Document Type

Dissertation - Campus Access Only

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Degree Name

Forestry

Other Degree Name/Area of Focus

Ecosystem Science

Department or School/College

College of Forestry and Conservation

Committee Chair

Cory C. Cleveland

Commitee Members

Ragan M. Callaway, Solomon Z. Dobrowski, Andrew J. Larson, Ylva Lekberg

Keywords

16S rRNA gene sequencing, nutrient limitation, plant-soil feedback, primary succession, soil development, soil organic matter

Publisher

The University of Montana

Abstract

From the onset of ecosystem development, pioneering microorganisms are the engines that drive ecosystem processes by decomposing organic matter, mineralizing nutrients, and weathering primary minerals. Despite their importance, we know very little about how microbial assembly occurs during early ecosystem development, how it relates to environmental characteristics and function, what importance it has for aboveground plant communities, and whether it varies in different parts of the world. The overall objective of my dissertation research was to explore the processes and mechanisms of soil microbial succession along a series of actively retreating glacial chronosequences. I used three climatically, geographically, and geologically distinct glacial sites: Easton Glacier, Washington, USA, Mendenhall Glacier, Alaska, USA, and Puca Glacier, Peru. The chosen sites differed with regard to soil forming state factors (organisms, geology, climate) and rates of succession, providing the unique opportunity to test the generality of microbial succession across sites.

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© Copyright 2015 Sarah C. Castle